ENGB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Homeric Hymns, Cronus, Asclepius

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17 Nov 2016
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Classical Myth and Literature
Lecture 4: The Gods: Overview
- Homeric Hymns: Written in a style and meter like Homer in the Iliad and the
Odyssey
o Mostly 7-5th century BC (With a few exceptions)
Hymn 8
It came before quite a few years later
o Short hymns are preludes to longer poems
o Long hymns: Stand-alone performance at religious festivals
People would come to religious festivals to hear these poems
recited
o Praise or celebrate gods
Often accompanied by Petitions
Like a prayer for good fortune
- Difference in how authors view gods
- The sense we get from these works is that we need to appease the gods
Deities Addressed in the hymns
- Usual members of the pantheon
o Zeus
o Hera
o Apollo
o Etc
o Also
Gaia
Dioscouroi (Castor and Polydeuces)
Sons of zeus and/or Tyndareus and Leda
o They shared their immortality so one would be
asleep for half the day, and the other would be
awake, then it would switch
Asclepios
Son of Apollo and Coronis
Hercules
Son of Zeus and/or Amphitryon and Alcmene
Noteworthy Short Hymns
- Hymn 7 to Dionysos
- Hymn 8 to Ares
o Complicated request
o Wants the god of war to stop him from rushing into things
- Hymn 19 to Pan
o Light hymn
o This moment says Hermes is the servant of mortal man
o Hermes presents baby Pan to the Gods
o Pan is named Pan because he is loved by all
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