ENGB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Theogony

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17 Nov 2016
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Classical Myth and Literature
Lecture 3: Myths About the Creation of Mankind
- According to Ovid
o First version of the myth is page 5-6
Cosmos come into being
Humankind was needed
Human beings are closely linked to the divine
Unnamed divine being that put everything into place
Humans are so much more central than the god’s in ovid’s
telling
Its not the gods are not important
There is no stage time to go into their stories
o Page 9-19
Generation of humans made from humans
Giants rise up against the Olympian gods
From the giants blood, humans were created with the earth
Stony race of humans
Equivalent of Noah’s flood
o Flood ends with Deucalion and Pyrrha
They have to make a new race to populate
the world
They throw stones to create men and
women
It isn’t very clear cut, and we find out
more about humans
o Creation of womankind (Pandora)
Version 1(Hesiod, theogony 11.588-594)
Pandora was a punishment for men
Zeus made Pandora
o She was dangerous because she started the race
of women
Version 2 (works 11.78-87)
Different gifts from different goddesses to make her
desirable
It isn’t made clear that women are the punishment
o It was all the bad things that came out of
pandora’s jar
o All the bad things came out of the jar and hope
isn’t even available
- Prometheus and Mankind
o Prometheus
Tricks Zeus
Prometheus is the champion for humans against zeus
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