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Lecture 6

ENGB70H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Un Chien Andalou, Jump Cut, Claude Chabrol

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Sara Saljoughi

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-> orginated with French film criticism
-> notion that film directors qualified as artists - prior to this they were seen as highly competent
film works and this theory changed that idea.
-> discovery & identification of underlying themes and consistent stylistic tendencies in different
films by the same director
notion that a director could have an style - this likend director to an author/artist
-> idea that directs possess an individual style - emerged with the french new wave
i.e. Tim Burton, Katherine Grey
auteur director has to have stylistic traits that are consistent - articulated in a way that no
one else can
-> Francois Truffaut (Auteur director)
-> Claude Chabrol (auteur director)
-> Jean-Luc Godard (french auteur director) - he took modernist element of the new wave to the
furtherist limit. considered the most experimental director
breathless (1960) - uneven pacing, lack of continuity (don't follow in space and time),
location shooting, natural lighting, meandering plot
-> the jump cut - a very specific style of editing. abrupt cut that disrupts time and space but
stays with the same subject. it would disrupt our sense of where he is in the frame and how
much time as lapsed.
i.e. breathless - each shot was of same or diff angle.. crucial thing is we see her move
without actually seeing it
-> jump cut in the formal sense - a form of mismatch in which the shift from one shot to the next
fails to maintain smooth continuity in space or time - aka an abrupt transition in a sequential clip
which appears to make the subject jump from one to another
-> jump cut in AGWHATN - she's in the same space and time. space discontinous b/c diff
angles and time discontinus b/w we don't see the time lapsing
avant-garde cinema also sometimes known as experimental cinema - most extreme form of
avant-garde cinema wouldn't have any traits of narrative at all.
-> fragmentation, oppositional stance, exploration of subjective states also in non-narrative
i.e. Meshes of the Afternoon -
-> in avant-garde cinema, modernism appears as an reaction to commercialism
-> reaction collapse of social order following WWI - these films as ways to express a
fragmented experience of the world
-> alternative to realism -
-> noticeable storytelling process (overtly focused on how the story is told) - an example is
Godard's film - more about the process of making the film
-> exploration of interior subject life of characters - i.e. Meshes of the Afternoon
-> Meshes of the Afternoon considered influential work of experimental cinema - considered
trancs film (dreamlike state) - film made by women b/c experimental cinema is male dominated.
this film seen as opening the door
-> Un Chien anadalou - applying cinema to experience of dreams, gives us broken, violent view
or world (exteriority), time and space presented as unstable, theme of the double (explored
through repitition of eyes and mirrors)
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