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ENGB03 lecture notes

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Sonja Nikkila

ENGB03 – Week 1 September 14, 2011 How we tell stories 1. Trailers – tells different genres 2. Pictures – what is happening? How do it happen? 3. News and politics – events 4. Gossip – in magazines, celebrities; people living very personal lives but we get them through packaged stories and gossip; we mold their activities into a story 5. Science – shaping of facts; ie. Human evolution 6. Games – you have to do a set of things to get to the end 7. Psychology – Freud; stories are constructed in relation to whom and to what end; story doesn‟t have to be true, edit out parts of your life 8. Faces – we read their emotions; wonder why is that person feeling that way? What might happen next? 9. Internet History Search – “Search on” youtube video Why we tell stories - we have no choice; - narrative is the primary tool to tell stories - “I climbed a tree” is a story; has a character, event, action - a narrative that has tension, conflict, character, resolution How we read stories - we don‟t even know that we‟re doing it - a lot of things influence the way we read narratives How we should read stories - enjoy it - focus on it; not just the story but how it was told - engage with it; think about how you are reacting to the text - re-read texts - interact with the text; write in your book Middlemarch Victorian novel Published in parts; not meant to be read all-together Slow narrative – forces you to take time to understand it; allows time for you to change your mind and your opinion Question of “epic” – is any given life epic? Is it possible to write a great story about little people? Tips on reading Middlemarch: Read 1 book a week Take notes in the book; ask questions in the text ENGB03 – Week2: AUTHORITY September 21, 2011 - dictionary Authority Elements of control in narrative: - form, genre, expectation - plot: gravity and momentum - narrator - paratexts – texts that are related to but are not part of the main text (cover of the book, author‟s name, description of the book, trailer, interview with author, footnotes) - reader: interpreting, overreading, underreading - author Author: - write of a book, article, report - someone who writes books as a profession - the writings of such a person - originator or creator of something “author is thought to nourish the book, which is to say that he exists before it, thinks, suffers, lives for, is in the same relation of antecedence to his work as father to his child” “to give a text an author is to impose a limit on that text, to furnish it with a final signified, to close the writing” “ he birth of the reader must be at the cost of the death of the author” On Authority: author, text, reader… WORLD/CONTEXT World/Context Author Text Reader Margaret Atwood: by the time the reader is reading, the writer isn‟t there, only the book is there Authorize: give official permission for or approval to Authentic: of undisputed origin; genuine AUTHORS & BOOKS George Eliot - had 6 real names - Mary Evans -> Marian Evans -> Marian Lewes -> Mary Ann Cross(tomb, death certificates) - daughter of a farm/estate manager - family: eloped with fellow Victorian writer George Henry Lewes, married John Walter Cross in 1880; no kids - historical/cultural time: Victorian England, realism major works: editor, translator, essayist, predominantly a novelist - stories about little, middle England - agnostic- claims disbelief or belief in God *Middlemarch - published in 1871 – first published by installations - study of provincial life - realist novel - story about: society/humanity, politics, striving, gossip, marriage - novel is about how marriages succeed or don‟t Gabriel Garcia Marquez - born 1928 in Colombia; still alive in Mexico - son of a pharmacist, raised primarily by his maternal grandparents - met Mercedes when she was 13, married her in 1958, 2 sons - winner of novel prize for literature in 1982 historical/cultural time: 20thcentury Latin America, contemporary fiction, magical realism(what is real and what isn‟t) major works: journalist, primarily novelist & short story writer *Chronicle of a Death Foretold - published in Spanish; translated in English (not reading original text) - tale about death of Santiago Nasar - all the people and events related to his death - honor killing - community, facts/truth, death(impact) novella – longer than a short story and shorter than a long story, if you have seen that text published in its own book - go into italics Margaret Atwood - born 1939 in Ottawa; still living - daughter of an entomologist, spent summers in Ontario/Quebec wilds - brief marriage, married Graeme Gibson; 1 daughter historical/cultural time: 20hcentury Canada, contemporary fiction, feminism, postmodernism major works: critic, academic, poet, primarily a novelist of many genres *Penelopiad - published 2005 - retelling of the Odyssey - tale about Penelope‟s point of view, 12 hanged maids - part of a “myths” series – universal and timeless stories that reflect and shape our lives - wants to tell you that she‟s not what people thought; she lives or dies depending upon which version of the myth you are reading or listening to James Joyce - born 1882; died 1941 historical/cultural time: Victorian/Edwardian….Ireland, fin de siècle Europe, WWI Europe, interwar Europe, modernism major works: portrait of the artist as a young man, Ulysses, dubliners Hugh MacLennan - born 19907; died 1990 th historical/cultural time: 20 century Canada, wwI/II caanda, Canadian literature major works: barometer rising, solitudes also essays and nonfiction *Halifax Explosion, 1917 - marked by time signatures CINDERELLA TELLERS William Shakespeare – King Lear: a play Charles Perrault – Little Glass Slipper: published in tales/stories of past; with morals Jacob & Wilhelm Grimm – Aschenputtel(german for Cinderella): 1812 but revised through 1850 Walt Disney & Co. – Cinderella: released 1950 Angela Carter – ashputtle or the mother‟s ghost: passion for retelling stories James Finn Garner – Cinderella; politically correct bedtime stories Emma Donoghue- tale of the shoe RD Jameson - Cinderella in China – oldest story of Cinderella - tells how a Tang scholar named Tuan Ch‟eng Shih wrote a 9 thcentury book called Yu Yang Tsa Tsu in which he tells the story of Sheh Hsien as told to him by his servant Li Shih Yuan - whole story is translated in English Issues: Who‟s story is this? What would be original? Written vs. oral Age of story Other kinds of distance: class, ethnicity, geography Translation gaps Other gaps – lost pieces of tale Society vs. art: which came first? Harry ENGB03 – Week 3 September 28, 2011 WHAT IS FORM & GENRE? *Essay 1 due next week* Close reading – attention to language and structure Confine your response to the selected passage Organize your ideas around a focused theme/issue/question Do not waste time with an elaborate introduction Author‟s name and title can be incorporated Start as narrow as possible, then find other ideas related to it Start with a theme, a thesis if possible (ex. Theme is distance, different points on it) For next week, create a story(short or long) with these elements: Lecture exercise, Not graded* Where: the library When: after the war Who: 1) “Winston” – a person, or something not human? 2) a rich person 3) a poor person What: 1) a musical instrument 2) something that‟s been lost 3) a map What does for
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