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ENGB04H3 (52)
Lecture 4

Lecture 4 B04.docx

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Daniel Tysdal

Lecture 4 Three elements of form that poets pay attention to when they want to highten the musical qualities of poetry o Rhythm = particular fixed form o Rhyme o Length of the line - Stanzas are identifiable in metrical verse, blank verse and free verse o Couplet: a pair of lines o Quatrain: four lines o Sestet: six lines o Octave: eight lines FIXED FORM Ballad Stanza: A quatrain in which the first and third line (4 beats) are unrhymed and the second and fourth line (3 beats) are rhymed) - Iambic tetrameter - Trimester for 2 and 3 lines - Often rhymes ABCB or ABAB The Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet: consists of an octave and a sestet. There are embraced rhymes in the octave: abbaabba. The sestet of a Petrarchan sonnet can rhyme in several different ways, but the most common are cdecde and cdcdee. The English (Shakespearean) Sonnet: consists of three four-line quatrains, alternately rhymed (ababcdcdefef) and a couplet gg” - The “volta” or “turn” (usually in the ninth line) signals a shift in proposition or a move toward resolution. o Shift in argument, counter point o Amplification of poem before hit resolution of sonnet Love Sonnets: o Often preceding moment is the desire to offer love and fame that initiates a meditation on the temporariness of human existence and the eternity of verse Edmund Spenser’s “Sonnet 75” - First quatrain talks of writing name and it washes away - Second quatrain the girl tells him he is wasting his time - Third quatrain, let these baser things deise to dy in dust, rare virtues will be eternal and in heavens write you name  metaphysical beyond the flesh - Couplet drawing us into them, we are reading the poem and thus the love has renewed - Rhyming scheme is ababbcbccdcdee - Assonance in the first quatrain, come, pray,paynes, assonance here but not later William Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 18” - Each line asks imagination to stretch further - Maymonth - Then summer  month season -
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