Lecture 1.5.pdf

3 Pages
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Department
English
Course Code
ENGB07H3
Professor
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto

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Lecture1.5 September-12-12 9:55 AM - History - Socialissues ○ Importanttowhatwe'rereadingaswellasthe history - Traditions ○ Howdoesonewriterinfluenceanother ○ Geta properunderstandoftheideasthatwerespreadfromoneera ontoanother - Canon ○ Groupofliteraryworksacceptedasrepresentativeofafield  Acceptedbywhom?Whodecideswhatgoesinandwhy? ○ Discoveryofwomenwriters - Atthebeginningofeachclassshewillgiveabitofcontextaroundtheauthorand text(s) - Courseissetupintermsof literaryera ○ RightnowMiddleAges,nextweekRenascence - Inthe1980s and1990s therewasa surgeoflookingforwomenwriters - Medievaltexts ○ 1100-1400s ○ Englishwasevolving  OldEnglishtoMiddleEnglish  FrenchtoMiddleEnglish ○ Wasunderstoodtobemoreaccessible  Didn'tneedthelongeducationalstructure,likeLatindid - WellknownMedievalwomenwriters: ○ Noneofthisiscompletelycertain,becausetheirbiographieswerenotrecorded ○ MariedeFrance(1170) ○ JulianofNorwich(1342-1416) ○ MargeryKempe(1372-1438)  Triedforheresyatthetime ○ Hrotsvitha(c.935-1002)  Germannun,whichwasseeninherspiritualwriting  Wrotea lotof playsdiscussingalotofthesameconceptsand JulianofNorwich  Understoodasoneofthefirstfemaleplaywrights ○ ChristinedePisan(1364-1429)  Wroteofa utopianvision - Manywritersat thetimesignedat"Anon",soit washard to knowifit wasmaleor female ○ Otherwisetheywrotelettersandjournals  Theycouldn'tnecessarilymeet,theyhadaninsularlife  Insularlifeleadtowritinginaveryself-reflexive □ Onlywritingabouthowyoufeel,yourcondition,yourfamily - Thecharacterizationofwomen ○ Womenwereseenasevilanddiseased  Thewrotetocounteractthisidea ○ Seeninrelationstobodilyfunctions  Theseweren'tnecessarilymedicallyunderstood  Theydidn'tknowhowtoreact to lactationandmenstruation ○ Inrelationtomasculinefeudalsystem  Womenwereseenascorruptbecausetheirplacewithinthesystemwassuspect  Theydidn’tknowwheretoplacewomen  RelatedtotheconceptoftheCatholicchurch □ Evewastheworst- comparedto thecult ofMary ○ Mariolatry  CultofMary (1100-1500) □ Influencedthewritingatthetime □ WentfromEvilEveto GoodMary □ CreatedadepictionofwomenwhoweregoodifnotbetterthanEve  Comparingthefeudalsystemtoreligion ○ Courtlylove  Womantobe saved,goodandvirginal  SeeninMedievalwriting  Emphasizingsacrificingforyourlove,knights,andwomenwhowerepureandneedingtobe saved  DefiningCourtlyLove ○ Education  ThosewhoreadmorecommonlyinEnglishpromotedwritinginit,ratherthanLatin  Therewasa questioningofthechurch - Medievalwriting ○ WomenturnedtotheChurch,prayerand meditation ○ Lais:fromtheBretontradition.Shorttakeaboutloveandchivalry.Theserhymebecauselais followthetraditionofsongs ○ Fabliaux:Comictalethatoftenmakesfunofaspecificcharacterinan extremeway  MariedeFrance - WroteinAnglo-Norman(soEnglish-French) - Nota lotknownabouther,genealogyisnotcertain ○ Somesayshecamefromroyaltyotherssay shewaspoor - Theproblemwiththetextthatonemustkeepinmind Oraltransmission ○ Oraltransmission ○ Waslistentoandwrittendownlater ○ Whatcame fromthesourceisn'tnecessarilywhatendsupbeingwrittendown ○ Thetranslation-needstobedoneina certainwaybut therearevaria
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