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ENGB30 2

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Laura Jane Wey

Genealogy: from Chaos to Zeus Chaos (Dark and formless void)  Night and Erebus (The Depth)  Eros  Gaia (Earth) – she comes after Eros, not from  Uranus (Sky/heavens) Gaia = Uranus  3 100-handed and 3 Cyclops and 12 Titans Chronus (Titan) = Rhea  Hestia (v), Poseidon, Demeter, Hades, Hera, Zeus Participants in the War Between the Titans and the Olympian Gods  The Gods  The Titans  Gaia “Let him who would conquer in the war first set free those imprisoned in Tartars”)  The Cyclopes  The Hundred-Handed Prometheus says he sides with fate, that he interprets Gaia’s words for Zeus. Geographic Layout of the Universe, According to Greek Mythology  Air and sky (ruled by Zeus)  Mt. Olympus (co-ruled by Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades)  Earth (co-ruled by Zeus, Poseidon and Hades) Note: only includes dry land  Sea (ruled by Poseidon) Note: does not include “stream that girdles the earth” which is ruled by Oceanus o The Atlantic ocean that wraps everything around  Realms under the Earth (ruled by Hades) Gods:  Anthropomorphic (take the attributes of humans)  Do not create the universe, but come into being in the universe  They are NOT omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent The Four ages of Man: Golden Age (Cronus’s Age): Men first created by Prometheus from earth mixed with rainwater. They honoured the gods. No warfare, no commerce, no litigation, no need for labour, no sickness, no old age, and no women. But also no children, so the race died out eventually. Silver Age (Zeus’s reign): Beginning of loss and change: fall and winter now alternate with spring and summer; men had to labour for food and shelter. They refused to honour the gods, and were destroyed by Zeus. Bronze Age (Age of Heroes; the Trojan War): Men “cared for nothing but warfare and
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