Class Notes (837,448)
Canada (510,273)
English (1,499)
ENGB30 (36)
Lecture

ENGB30

4 Pages
103 Views
Unlock Document

Department
English
Course
ENGB30
Professor
Laura Jane Wey
Semester
Fall

Description
Lec6_sept26 Macpherson “Spring and Winter” “loves of the Gods & Metamorphoses” Spring and Winter  With exception of “Orpheus,” the stories in this unit all attempt to explain a phenomenon or object of nature o “Demeter and Persephone”: the cycle of seasons o “Adonis,” “Hyacinthus” and “Narcissus”: how various flowers (the anemone, the hyacinth and the daffodil) came to be  All the stories in “Spring & Winter” touch upon the theme of death o “Demeter and Persephone” and “Orpheus” both deal with the crossing of the boundary between life and death under very special circumstances o Even the gods themselves must respect this boundary o Demeter and Persephone associated with Eleusinian Mysteries; Orpheus associated with Orphic Mysteries “Demeter and Persephone”  based largely upon Hormeric Hymn to Demeter2 (7 thto 6th centuries BCE)  Pits the power of Demeter against the predominantly male alliance between Zeus and Hades o She is mainly motivated for her love toward her daughter and doesn’t want the distance between her and her daughter  Deadlock finally resolved through compromise o Made a compromise with Zeus, because without Demetre’s help, there is no agriculture and no food for the people or sacrifices for the gods o  Even Persephone and Demeter must abide by the rule that those who have eaten in the Underworld cannot leave it entirely Orpheus  is a talented musician  musician whose extraordinary talent gives him special powers: he makes “the thin shades [weep] in sympathy and the torments of the great sufferers… cease.”  He wins a special concession from Hades to take his dead wife Eurydice back to the upper world – on one condition  He turns back to glace at Eurydice, thereby losing her for the second time (“His trust in Hades failed…”) o Alternative interpretation in Ovid: “frightened that she might not be well and yearning to see her with his own eyes, through love he turned and looked..” o Alternative interpretation in Vergil:”a sudden frenzy seized the unwary lover – worthy of pardon, except by the pitiless Underwolrd – he stopped, and unmindful, alas, and overcome in spirit, looked back…”  No redo; although the power of Orpheus’ music continues to wreak miracles: “the animals forg[e]t to prey on one another… and trees and stubborn rocks [are] moved by his song”  Finally meets his death at the hand of the Maenads:”theybecame enraged and fell on him as an enemy of their god [Dionysus], and finally tore him to pieces” o Orpheus linked not just to Apollo, but also to Dionysus in Ovid: “Becchus did not permit this crime to pass/Unpunished, unavenged. Distressed to lose/ The minstrel of his mysteries, at once / He fastened in the
More Less

Related notes for ENGB30

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit