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Lecture

ENGB31

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Department
English
Course
ENGB31
Professor
Natalie Rose
Semester
Winter

Description
2/1/2013 11:42:00 AM ENGB31_Jan30 Narrative becomes almost allegorical; incidents freighted with religious symbolism  Ex. fiend “represented the reign of evil on earth”  “the Maidens’ castle represents the imprisonment of souls before the incarnation of our Lord Jesu Christ, and the seven knights the seven deadly sins which held sway at that time. And in his deliberance of those within the Maidens’ Castle, Sir Galahad was acting in the likeness of our Lord Jesu, who in taking upon himself the sins of the world delivered the souls of men to heaven” o the seven knights are an allegory of the seven deadly sins  “The meaning of this was clear to Sir Bors and he rode on his way”  But woman in not allegory for Lucifer: is Lucifer  Meaning of adventure changes o “My son, the quest of the Holy Grail means other things than killing your fellow men, and those are the advenetures to which you and your fellow sinners are accustomed. You yourself have killed many men, and that is one reason why you shall not achieve the Holy Grail” o “it was to be a long time before they met with any adventures”  Galahad completes the Round Table  “Merlin devised the Round Table as a symbol of the wholeness of virtue” o analogue for Gawain’s pentangle o only Galahad has that wholeness to intergrate the spiritual and the worldly together o Galahad’s prayer is to die  “Alas! What have you done? Shall not our fellowship of the Round Table be irremediably broken? […] How can I be reconciled to the dissolution of so close a fellowship, and to the ancient customs by which we have been held?” p 365 Galahad: the Christian knight “without sin”  What other new (to the Morte’s knights) characteristics distinguish him? (In what way are his adventures different? ) o More for a bigger cause, whereas other knights are for individual reasons o More of a spiritual plain o Not for glory or for the round table o To be one with God; his spiritual experience is what allows him to him himself up and becomes a spirit o He is a leader; the eldest  He set his mind on higher things and wins every single fight  Because he is destined to do so o The spiritual magic  Makes everything workout well for Galahad o “spiritual” king Author  destiny o die virgin  forced abstinence o chastity Blood being crucial  “[T]he knightly body is represented in quasistylized form as a vessel containing blood, and in this it resembles the Grail itself”  “What the knight sees in the Grail vision is thus the apotheosis of his own existence” (Jill Mann) o the knights let their blood represent Christ’s sacrifice o Galahad comes along and makes them good and binds all the wounds  Crucial to Percivale’s sister o The only lady that goes on this quest o Chaste version of courtly love o Role in giving her blood at the castle  Imitatio Christi o Gives Galahad the girdle that she makes with her hair o Only Percivale’s blood is able to stop the blood of the lady
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