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University of Toronto Scarborough
Natalie Rose

ENGB31_feb25 PHANTASTES- A Faerie Romance by George MacDonald Chapter 5  White rabbit appears  Charles Dawson wrote alice in wonderland  Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll)  C.S. Lewis: o “That night my imagination was, in a certain sense, baptized; the rest of me, not unnaturally, took longer. I had not the faintest notion what I had let myself in for by buying Phantastes” o “I did not yet know (and I was longin learning) the name of the new quality, the bright shadow, that rested on the travels of Anodos. I do now. It was holiness. (Surprised by Joy) o McDonald is good at fantasy- that hovers between the allegorical and the mythopoeic o Faerie romance = fairy tale  Rediscovering the truth through fairy stories  Anados (main character) o Not clear if Anados is awake or unconscious o Anados just 21; because he is 21 he is given his father’s secrety with all the papers and the keys (right of passage) o Waking up to a new reality  new reality = fairy land o Coming of age – fantasy quest  Trying to figure out himself (identity)  Starts to fall in love with inappropriate things  You can only figure out who you are by going to fairy land George MacDonald, Phantaste  Romanticism and the genre of the romance  Fantasy fiction  MacDonald “seems to have lost all hold of reality”; Phantastes is a “confusedly furnished second-hand symbol shop” that is “not anchored fast to the earth on which we stand” (Athenaeum)  Romance genre as a quest for the marvelous Phantastes: A Faerie Romance  “Phantastes form ‘their fount’ all shapes deriving in new habiliments can quickly dight” (Fletcher, Purple Island)  “in modern use fantasy and phantasy, in spite of their identity in sound and in ultimate etymology, tend to be apprehended as separate words, the predominant sense of the former being ‘caprice, whim, fanciful invention’, while that of the latter is ‘imagination, visionary notion’” (OED) o connotation of imagination  Latin Phantasia: 3. The faculty of imagination  Romancism (literary movement):  Imagination reveals Truth o Making things clear and making thing visible A Faerie Romance Fairy: 4. A. One of a class of supernatural beings of diminutive size, in popular belief supposed to possess magical powers and to have great influence for good or evil over the affairs of man. Faerie, faery, n. (a.) archaic  A variant of FAIRY; it prob. Existed in ME. but its first known appearance is as employed arch. By Spenser (usually as trisyllable). In present usage, it is practically a distinct word, adopted either to express Spenser’s peculiar modification of the sense, or to exclude various unpoetical or undignified associations connected with the current form fairy.  1. The realm or world of the fays or fairies; fairyland, fairydom. Usually, the imaginary world depicted in Spencer’s Faery Queene, the personages of which have little or no resemblance to the ‘fairies’ of popular belief.
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