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ENGB31 Lecture Notes - Phantastes, Lewis Carroll, Life Imitating Art

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Natalie Rose

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PHANTASTES- A Faerie Romance by George MacDonald
Chapter 5
White rabbit appears
Charles Dawson wrote alice in wonderland
Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll)
C.S. Lewis:
o “That night my imagination was, in a certain sense, baptized; the
rest of me, not unnaturally, took longer. I had not the faintest
notion what I had let myself in for by buying Phantastes
o “I did not yet know (and I was longin learning) the name of the
new quality, the bright shadow, that rested on the travels of
Anodos. I do now. It was holiness. (Surprised by Joy)
o McDonald is good at fantasy- that hovers between the allegorical
and the mythopoeic
o Faerie romance = fairy tale
Rediscovering the truth through fairy stories
Anados (main character)
o Not clear if Anados is awake or unconscious
o Anados just 21; because he is 21 he is given his father’s secrety
with all the papers and the keys (right of passage)
o Waking up to a new reality new reality = fairy land
o Coming of age fantasy quest
Trying to figure out himself (identity)
Starts to fall in love with inappropriate things
You can only figure out who you are by going to fairy land
George MacDonald, Phantaste
Romanticism and the genre of the romance
Fantasy fiction
MacDonald “seems to have lost all hold of reality”; Phantastes is a
“confusedly furnished second-hand symbol shop” that is “not anchored
fast to the earth on which we stand” (Athenaeum)
Romance genre as a quest for the marvelous
Phantastes: A Faerie Romance
“Phantastes form ‘their fount’ all shapes deriving in new habiliments can
quickly dight” (Fletcher, Purple Island)
“in modern use fantasy and phantasy, in spite of their identity in sound
and in ultimate etymology, tend to be apprehended as separate words,
the predominant sense of the former being ‘caprice, whim, fanciful
invention’, while that of the latter is ‘imagination, visionary notion’”
o connotation of imagination
Latin Phantasia: 3. The faculty of imagination
Romancism (literary movement):
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