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Lecture two.docx

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Majorie Rubright

Lecture two: Key concepts:  The curtain; the globe; the fate of the 1 London theatre  Capacity of playhouses  Dangers of the theatre  Gentleman, citizen, Yeomen artificers, laborers  Liberties  Pop of London (1520: 60,000; 1550: 120,000; 1600: 200,000)  Places within the theatre: the yard; Groundlings; Lord’s Room  Theatrical detractors (stage vs pulpit)  Deuteronomy 22:5  Master of the Revels. Sir Edmund Tilney  Allowed copy st  Quarto; 1 folio (1623) ; foul papers; fair copy; the book of the play/ prompt book Lecture begins:  Theatre in renaissance England o Theatrical detractors (speaking against the theatre)  Before globe theatre & before its controversy, Londoners already living in a highly theatrical society o Community of spectators  Queen’s procession  Public executions held on scaffolds (word for stage)  James throne 1603  liked to watch plays  Higher than avg merchants sometimes invited to queen’s court o Ex: Moroccan ambassador from north Africa  1560 – LONDON’S ROYAL EXCHANGE o Building for merchants to gather & exchange products o Orange women, jugglers, apple sellers  Other side of river (bear baiting & cock fighting & theatre)  outside legal jurisdiction  Theatricality: merchantilism, bearbaiting, pagents, executions all built into London  Late 1570’s  the curtain 1 opened theatre  Morality plays  vice vs morality  Mystery plays  stuff about Christianity (ex: noah’s arch – mysterious)  City authorities tried to suppress play going b/c dangerous: o Potential for riot o No central police force to control large crowd  Mayor of London personally resp to queen for any disruption o 3,000 ppl across genders & ranks talking/ gossping  Worried about sedition – critical or subversive references to ppl of high state o Infectious  New ideas explored (women authority over husbands; foreigners etc)  Infectious diseases spreading (plague)  Put cloves into their noses thinking that would block the poisonous vapours (though it came from fleas and rats) o Mixing of races and ranks  Detractors didn’t like it o Puritans disapproved of theatres on religious grounds  Boys dressing as women & ppl dressing as o/s = deception & biblical violation  Persuasion with props and clothes that they are king = dangerous in this period o Females meant to elicit sexual desire, cross dressing actors made this confusing  Violation of Deuteronomy 22:5 (must not cross dress)  London = largest city in England; after shake’s death, largest city in Europe o French, dutch, german, Italian immigration into London  Prisoners known as the clink  Merchants sometimes come illegally  Play going viewed as idle activity  Most of the audience = apprentices (7yr apprentice to practice your trade)  Also artizans, students, women go to liven up their livs  Four types of ppl: o Gentlemen o Citizens o Yeomen artificers o Laborers  Gentlemen o No manual labour and have access to education  Idle people  Paradox with idle play goers  Highest rank  Citizens o 7 yr apprenticeships; became promotable w/in the city; held some powerl middle category (almost0  Yeoman o Farmers with own piece of land and some economic indep and some social standing  Laborer o No voice or authority; some respect; at the bottom; manual labour (gendered term)  Leaves out: o Illegal immigrants, not able bodied, slaves, orange women, prisoners (mostly for debt, go to something called debters prison), rogues (anyone wandering around)  1 penny  could buy a ticket for standing room called
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