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1st lecture of Crusoe.docx

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Natalie Rose

ENGB35 Jan 14, 2012 Jack and the Beanstalk What virtues does it celebrate?  Going off on your own  Risk and bravery o Will all lead to your reward  Perseverance  Middle class values o Finding your own fate o Work hard to be rewarded o As opposed to aristocracy, where there was an inheritance Jack‟s character develops: used to be silly and childish and eventually become more „manly‟. Grows into to himself as the story progresses.  „Manliness‟ is not actually a stage of life, it is actually a set of personality traits. Abridgements for Children Pilgrims Progress  One of first novels  Showed 1790 – 1890: 740 abridgements of Robinson Crusoe Full title of Robinson Crusoe (Robinson Crusoe, in full The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner: Who Lived Eight and Twenty Years, All Alone in an Un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, Near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having Been Cast on Shore by Shipwreck, Wherein All the Men Perished but Himself. With an Account how he was at last as Strangely Deliver’d by Pyrates. Written by Himself., Genre Realism: Was supposed to be an indication of real life, with the extremely long lists of exact actions.  Was based on tale of Alexander Selkirk (marooned in the South Seas for four years) o People knew of Crusoe before they knew of Selkirk  There were differences between the two: o No Friday ENGB35 Jan 14, 2012 o Selkirk actually went insane. Crusoe never admits to anything but he could very well be crazy as well.  There was fantasy just with Robinson Crusoe himself o As well, the idea of „Strange Surprising Adventures‟ give the idea of some sort of fantasy Travel Story  Island Adventure Autobiography Adventure (romance)  Spawns a genre of adventure fiction, and a sub-genre of Robinsonades (e.g., Swiss Family Robinson, Coral Island, Treasure Island, Lord of the Flies, Blue Lagoon, Castaway, Crusoe in Canada, Lost) Adventure Definition (OED): 3. Chance of danger or loss; risk, jeopardy, peril. to put in adventure: to put in jeopardy, to imperil, to risk, to stake. 4. Hazardous activity 5. Any novel or unexpected event in which one shares; an exciting or remarkable incident befalling anyone.  Tests hero  Adventure is a modern form of the genre of the romance  “In every age the ruling social or intellectual class tends to project its ideals in some form of romance, where the virtuous heroes and beautiful heroines represent the ideals and the villains the threats to their ascendancy” (Northrop Frye, Anatomy of Criticism) Anti-domestic  C 18 : public sphere (men); private/domestic sphere (women) Religious Narrative “I began now seriously to reflect upon what I had done, and how justly I was overtaken by the judgement of Heaven for my wicked leaving my father‟s house, and abandoning my duty; … my conscience reproached me with the contempt of advice, and the breach of my duty to God and my father” ENGB35 Jan 14, 2012  Defoe was a Dissenter (i.e., a Protestant who dissents from the Established Church) Parents know best; if you don‟t follow them, you will be punished  Father has power in family  Identities are not stable – Robinson Crusoe‟s name is changed in England  Crusoe refuses to come home to admit that he has made a mistake o Then does not learn lesson even after realising mistakes  God as father-figure, now that actually family is gone “Here we got in, and, though not without much difficulty, got all safe on shore, and walked afterwards on foot to Yarmouth, where, as unfortunate men, we were used with great humanity as well by the magistrates of the town, who assigned us good quarters, as by particular merchants and owners of ships, and had money given us sufficient to carry us either to London or back
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