Class Notes (807,646)
Canada (492,772)
English (1,481)
ENGB35H3 (133)
Natalie Rose (102)

Alice in Wonderland (part 1).docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Natalie Rose

ENGB35 March 6, 2013 Fantasy fiction Fantasy depends on impossibility  ―the willing suspension of disbelief‖ (Coleridge) o If you can‘t suspend your disbelief, it‘s probably not a very good book Fantasy tells us about the ‗real‘ world Fantasy is a modern form of romance  19 century Fantasy fiction & children‘s fiction both came into being at around the same time – Alice‘s Adventures in Wonderland  Imagination Matrix: ―You take the blue pill – the story ends, you wake up in your bed and believe whatever you want to believe. You take the red pill – you stay in Wonderland and I show you how deep the rabbit-hole goes.‖  Reality is Wonderland Fantasy is key to child development (Jean Piaget)  Helps children to ‗subjunctivize‘ (Jerome Bruner) – idea that you can think beyond your own identity/concerns. Beyond the limits of your own experiences.  This is different from Lockean ideas – in that time, fantasy was not good. It would confuse children so that they couldn‘t see the real world. o From at least age 3, children can identify between reality and fantasy Fantasy is a way for children to understand and manage a terrifying world  Example: Bettelheim on fairy tales Fantasy cultivates the imagination Fantasy enables access to deep truths  Ursula K. Le Guin: ―… fantasy is true, of course. It isn‘t factual, but it is true‖ (―Why are Americans Afraid of Dragons?‖) Children remember the nice stuff about fantasy not the horrors ENGB35 March 6, 2013  Maybe not? The Romantic Child  Sentimental frame  Anarchic centre within the child Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) and the Romantic Child Romantic child – childhood is treasured time  Childhood vs adult hood  Girlhood vs. adulthood o The romantic child is usually female A boat, beneath a sunny sky Lingering onward dreamily In an evening of July Children three that nestle near, Eager eye and willing ear, Pleased a simple tale to hear Long has paled that sunny sky; Echoes fade and memories die; Autumn frosts have slain July. Still she haunts me, phantomwise, Alice moving under skies Never seen by waking eyes. Children yet, the tale to hear, ENGB35 March 6, 2013 Eager eye and willing ear, Lovingly shall nestle near. In a Wonderland they lie, Dreaming as the days go by, Dreaming as the summers die; Ever drifting down the stream Lingering in the golden gleam Life, what is it but a dream?  Acrostic poem of the real Alice‘s name – Alice Pleasance Liddell Dodgson thought up the stories for the Liddell sisters then wrote them down and made them into a book (Alice’s Adventures Underground).  Dodgson made friends with many young children Dodgson drew the original pictures then John Tenniel drew the pictures for the published editions.  Pictures are integral to story Dodgson was a minister, a mathematics professor, writer, and a photographer.  Alice set Alice Liddell forever in childhood. Photography did the same, keeping the children as children forever Dodgson was eyed a little suspiciously for his obsession with young people.  It wasn‘t unique but unusual for an adult Victorian male to befriend little girls (Morton Cohen)  He may have also become friends with children so that he could have affairs with their mothers o This may just have been an emergence of privileging children Subversion of adult authority ENGB35 March 6, 2013  ―You Are Old, Father Williams‖: parodies Southey‘s ―the Old Man‘s Comforts‖ (1799)  Southey‘s: Puritans‘ ideal. Death is always there and you must be waiting for it. You are old, Father William, the young man cried, And life must be hastening away; You are chearful, and love to converse upon death! Now tell me the reason I pray. I am chearful, young man, Father William replied, Let the cause thy attention engage; In the days of my youth I remember'd my God! And He hath not forgotten my age.  Carroll: Mocks the idea that children must be waiting for death. "You are old," said the youth, "As I mentioned before, And have grown most uncommonly fat; Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door— Pray, what is the reason of that?" "In my youth," said the sage, as he
More Less

Related notes for ENGB35H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.