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Natalie Rose

Fairies • mythical small being Fairy Tales • there are polarities in fairy stories of good and evil • evil vs good o power axis is relavent in the childs life because they are powerless and unable o characters are usually flat; they don’t develop over time o the narrator remains outside this story. “Naked Narratives” rarely stop to critic or analyze irreducibly implicit • part of their power • the reason that we have so many analoges of stories Pirrout • sometimes the moral has nothing to do with the story • ex little red riding hood • the moral is implicit o its not delivered or spelled out for us o this means there is lots of room to read into the stories There is no slow gradual involvement in intricacies of subjectivities • black and white • nothing like 18, 19, 20th century novel • because of this nakedness they can occur anytime and anywhere Sub-category of folktales folk tales which contain magic originated from oral cultures and are part of the rituals of oral communities there is no fixed “original fairy tale story” because of their origins Oldest known recorded version of Cinderella 850-860AD first written • not new however • doesn’t have a fairy god mother like pirrout or grimm • shares the same motifs however 6 steps in cinderella • persecuted by stepmother • abuse involves a loss of status o dressed in rags, to the kitchen o accompanying a change in name to go with status o in every version the girl is good; heroine • magical aid o animal; fish, cow o somebody or something supernatural • dressed up and meets pirince o he always falls in love with her• then must prove identity o varies considerably between the cultures o shoe or slipper in some; others perform a task; Russian make fine clothing • Marries the prince A key into which all fairy stories will fit • Aarne and Thompson o 2499 types of fairy stories o 510A is cinderalla o 510B is her father with some incesterous overtones ex king lear o 510c is the boy being persecuted in 19th century germany • there were as many male cinderallas as female • did not survive as female did however Morphology of folktale • 1928 • didnt like aarne's classification system • came with 31 fxns of a fairy story • every fairy story will show these fxns regardless of the detail Why the similarities? a) monogenesis • suggest that all stories began in one place and spread gradually across cultures and to other areas b) polygenesis • mankind is the one and the same everywhere • Carl Jung • tapping into essential aspects of the humans psyche into the collective conscious that we all share • Basically they contain primary symbols that are invested with meanings for our mental well being Diffusionist model • the tales would have developed in different places but some would be carried to other places • small scale o marriage in small space o take the story to another tribe • grand scale o military conquest o prisoners Charles Perrault-1697 histoires ou contes du temps passé avec des moralites” [the man is part of the circle although distant] 19th century they became proper reading for children telling fairy tales became the rage in high society the “elite” sat around coming up with quirky urban versions of folklore stories • describes the stories as told by governess and grandmothers to little children • this is where the association with women and ignorance starts by this picture in his book Jacob and Willhelm Grimm- Kinder und Hausmarchen (1812, 1815) • all about german nationalism • got rid of the French • becoming to unify and are concerned with ‘germanness” • look in the peseant • very nationalistic version of anthropologist • first people to assert link between European and Indian languages • most stories where written down and sending them to the brothers • intended audience was not children in the beginning Grimms spark a vogue for stories Hans Christian Anderson • got appropriated for children Why would children like them, and why do parents buy them to read? • [marketable] • censorship, Sarah Trimmer; guardian of education o thought they became improper for children • Purple jar o maria edgeworth bad for children, too much imagination, not enough reality • brothers grimm then edited their stories to make them fitting for children o they ramped up the morals of the stories o this means making them grizzlier o pecking out the eyes was to make the children more moral all female reading community; why • question largely answered by psychologist and psychoanalysis o Bruno Bettelheim; uses of enchantment; freudian what they do or enable they help children resolve tension children live with greater terrors than adults realize or remember and that fairy tales help them to express and resolve this terror interested with displacement Jean Piaget • Children believe that actions o Powerful idea that positive thinking will make a difference is related to the idea that things can have an influence on your life • Grimms pecking of eyes o Children
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