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Lecture 4

engb35 lecture 4.docx

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Natalie Rose

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Don’t describe what is in the books. Analyze the evidence instead of describing. Anchoring argument is incisive and engaging Make sure the thesis statement is precise: “Disobedience is crucial to these novels: it enables the protagonists to define themselves, to get rich, and to share in the happy ending of the adventure story” is far too broad. A thesis statement does not involve three points. Choose one of these ideas and formulate a more focussed argument. Revisit your thesis statement after you’ve worked out the “meat” of the essay and explored the implications of your evidence. This will ensure that it encapsulates the significance of your discussion. Should be anticipating objections • make sure you are signposting the points Robinson Crusoe Puritan/moral • Lockean • Idea that land is yours when you put labour into it • Proto-romantic Colonialism • James Joyce • All of the ideas work together • Robinson Crusoe is the true British conquest personifiedThe footprint Fantasy of the empty land • Plantation labor in full swing by the beginning of the 18th century • speaks about the power of text • It is the fantasy of the white man creating an island of their own O It is the romanticism • Friday is astonished by Crusoe’s gun O it is again a fantasy O everyone in Africa had been familiar with European guns by that time O it contributes to this stealthy idea of Crusoe’s superiority O that he has technology on his side End of chapter 7 • “by now I come to a new scene in my life” • comes across footprint which means he is no alone His reaction to footprint followed by cannibals • pg. 126 O whoever it belongs to is either going to eat him or steal all of his crops o none of the people have any intention of that o self fufiling prophecy lonely for company and he does keep talking about wanting a companion yet the sign of others horrifies him • talks about his enemy as if it is the devil • chapter 9 evidence of cannibalism o I believe the reader…. narrative point about the address to the reader asking for the sympathy there is no attempt at transparency, the narrator is presenting the facts in a particular way reminds you that he is a writer and author as well as the survivor of being marooned Leviathan • state is to be found in north American • another European contrast of savagery and European civilization • as soon as there is a sign of someone else it all comes to a stop • his only concern is to safe guard himself • “laments being in a state of nature” • moves from asserting his mastery over the island to asserting his mastery to people o Friday, savages, Spaniards and pirates Hobbes’s state of nature vs. Rousseau’s Process of responding to the cannibals” moral repulsion • disturbs the nice security at the top of the food chain • cultural nightmare o later Friday gives us a different perspective on cannibalism o 135-141 inhumane hellish brutality and the horror in the degeneracy of human nature the ‘other’ is immediately characterized in these specific, religious terms o 165 thanks god for being born in to an English British culture o 135 ‘thanks that had cast him in a part of a world that has made him distinguished’o anxiety that you’re all one encounter from a revenge fantasy • saving the native from his brethren o would take a huge book to write his plans o cheers up if there are 20 he should kill them all o idea of white man saving them from themselves • pg139 o revenge for horror he’s experienced o his losing his grip for civilization o derives great deal of pleasure from all this • starts to have 2nd thoughts pg. 141 Heathens • idea that you can’t judge them because they do not know that it is a sin • leaves the European sinner in a worse moral predicament then • they think it no more a crime to think a captive, then we do to kill and ax, then we do to kill mutton
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