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Lecture 22.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Amanda U.

Lecture 22: Wednesday November 28, 2012 1 Virginia Woolf: Her influences, Her Legacy Office hours: December 3 2012: 11:30 – 12:30 th December 5 20th: 10:00 – 1:00 December 20 2012: 10:00 – 12:30 Quiz: 1. a room of one’s own and money 2. Bonus question: Judith Shakespeare 3. Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte 4. Aphra Behn Virginia Woolf  1882 – 1941  mother died when Woolf was 13  she studied at King’s College (Ladies Department) in 1897 – 1901  ladies department was opened in 1885 o this was opened for the higher education of women on the same basis as men o 1902  women  Married Leonard Woolf in 1912 o Moved to the country – Virginia loved people, but because she had her illness Bloomsbury Group  A group of writers, artists and painter who were all friends  Virginia, her sister Vanessa, as well as both of her husbands were part of the Bloomsbury group  They lived close together and talked often  Bloomsbury Group was a group of intellectuals, writers, and artists who would meet in Bloomsbury (a part of London) Vita Sackville–West  Virginia met Vita in 1922  Vita a writer and poet  Woolf’s Orlando is said to be a love letter to Vita  Vita was said to be connected to British Novelty through blood, she was an aristocrat Woolf’s Works  Orlando (1928): subtitled a “biographer” story of a man who changes gender to a woman. Seemingly lives 400 years  Woolf often wrote stream of consciousness narration  Mrs. Dalloway (1925): story of a day in the life of Clarissa Dalloway as she prepares for a party Virginia’s Death  Died in 1941  Put stones in her pocket and walked into the river  Fought mental illness all her life  Woolf’s last letter to Leonard o To her writing was a cure, and Woolf noticed that when she couldn’t not write, it depressed her greatly A Room of One’s Own Lecture 22: Wednesday November 28, 2012 2 Virginia Woolf: Her influences, Her Legacy  Origins: was a speech given in 1928 in Cambridge  Newnham and Griton, women’s colleges at Cambridge  Published as a text in 1929  Premise of the text “A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction” (6)  Brings together ideas about: women’s writing, women’s education, the tension of public and private, the tradition Women and Writing  Description of her cannon (5) o Who becomes recognized as a famous woman writer  What does women and fiction mean (5) o “They might … gender … one of four things … the title women and fiction ... have mean it to mean, women and what they are like … women and the fiction that they write … women and the fiction that is … somehow all three are mixed together” (5)  Tennyson and Rossetti (16) o To show how they are very similar, women’s poetry has always been discarded but they is a lot of comparison, that they are talking to each other o She talks about the cannon – male and female tradition in writing, but with this text she creates her own tradition o Page 23: “one cannot think well, love well, sleep well, when … has not dined well”  Quotations that come out that get reinforced over and over again  When she says women need space and money to write, money is the biggest issues o Page 26: “Mary … lectureships … use of their own sex … off a bird and a bottle of wine”  Only men had the money and it went to their sons after their death  List in relation to women (35) o “if you look under the … condition of women … worship … attractiveness off … weaker muscles of … Shakespeare’s opinion of ” o fiction that is written about women o “transient visitor to this planet … testimony … patriarchy” (41)  there is this idea of patriarchy even in journalism Women’s Writing History  women’s history, especially in Elizabethan times (50-51) o “why … capable of sonnet … still … upper and middle class … lord and master … would make him … authentic 17 century memoirs … characters.”  Women have the capability of writing, so why is it that we don’t see them writing?  List of famous female characters (52) o “… Lady Macbeth …” o she is asking where are the famous writers o the idea of the muse o women’s presence of the muse in the poetry  History of women’s writing seems to start in the
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