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Lecture

ENGC15H3 Lecture Notes - Panopticon, Jeremy Bentham, Pillory


Department
English
Course Code
ENGC15H3
Professor
Pouneh Saeedi

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ENGC15 Discipline and Punish by Foucault
He starts with this graphic description of horrific torture on the body
Sets it up as discipline
18th c19th c moving from bodily torture to disciplining
o Precedence given to the “soul”
Soul:
o German historian Ernst Kantorowicz’s The King’s Two Bodies
The king actually has two bodies
Divine
Carnal
Foucault inverts this with criminal:
o Criminal’s non-carnal body has to be marginalized, has to be punished
o This disciplining involve:
Strict regulations situated in time and space
Surveillance
Enclosure
The prison system began in monasteries
The saints would enclose themselves
In the army also
Exercises implemented there
o Other aspects come to mind: intention, for one
“Premeditated” what’s important going on in the mind of the criminal, beyond
the body
A model died, her famous athlete boyfriend shoots her on Valentine’s Day
Her boyfriend said he’d shot her in self-defence, thinking she was a burglar
She wanted to work with people in trying to abolish
“Truth must come out”
Foucault highlights the importance of how we have to gain knowledge
o The accordance of power and knowledge
The prisoner through his body is subjected to certain measure in order to
gain access to the truth
People are looking for answers
Powerdiscipline and force without direct involvement of the body
o Prison =/= enclosed system outside of society
o Has its effect, its influence and is part of society
Carceral archipelago: image of islands that serve as prison settlements
o Double isolation:
Imprisoned, also on an island, cut off from society
proper
Surveillance
People can’t escape from an island easily
The picture of a panopticon
o Pan = everywhere, optic = visual
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