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Lecture 15

ENGC23H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Ankh-Morpork City Watch, Aragorn, Flora And Fauna Of The Discworld


Department
English
Course Code
ENGC23H3
Professor
Sonja Nikkila
Lecture
15

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8.1 Immersed in Fantasy: Carrot & His City
Questioning the Quest (cont.) as Essay Construction
● findatopic(‘quest’)
● infogatheringandreading(OED,OxfordRef,Mendelsohn,etc.)
● consideryourtextorfuzzysetwhichoneisthemostusefulforyourtopic?
○ ex.ifyou’retalkingaboutquest,youcanexaminethemost‘questlike’novel;ORyoucan
explorewhatquestisnotlikehowAliceinWonderland
isaquestbutnotquite
● thinkabout,discuss,andwriteanargument/definition
○ encouragedtoactuallywriteitoutgetconcretewordsonthepage;youcandirectlytalkabout
withsomeone(proforotherwise)
● reviewandsolidifyyourlanguageandkeyterms
○ ultimately,youmightwanttocreateyourowndefinitionoffantasy(althoughgettingtheofficial
definitionfromadictionaryisn’tbadeither)
neverassumethatifit’sobvioustoyou,it’llbeobvioustoyourreader(note:itshouldn’tbe
easy)
● reviseandrefine
○ trynottowingit60%iswriting,therestisrevising/refining
○ ifyou’reunsure,writeouttheessayandfindthe‘heart’ofitandconstructyourthesis
■ itisabsolutelyokaytochangeyourthesisafteryoulookovertheessay
Immersed in Discworld (cont.)
● when/howdoeswonderandamazemententerthetext?
○ couldbedirectlywritteninthetext,butcanalsorefertothereader'ssurprise
● whatistherelationshipbetweenthereaderandthetext
○ what’sthereader’sstance?lookatPratchett’sfootnotesonhisnarrativestyle
● whatwaydodifferentmodesoffantasyinteractorintersect?whendoesthemodechange?
● howistheworldbuilt?
○ language,structureorstancethatisusedtopresenttheworld
● why?towhatend?*
○ what’sthepoint?whyisitinteresting?
Identity’s a Funny Thing
● racial,ethnic,gender,speciestensionsintheWatch
● youneedtomoderateyouridentityandyourownbiases
○ Carrotasa‘dwarf’withracismtowardstheundead
● howtheyallworktogetherforthecity
○ howdoesacitywork?whatistheuseandfunctionofthemanypeopleinthecity?
● identityisaboutdeclaringyouridentityitself
Who is Carrot?: The Missing Heir
Fan Art of Carrot
● picture1:Carrot&Angua
○ handpositioningshowsCarrot’sdominanceoverAngua(orofanimals),andsaysmuchof
Angua’spersonality
○ showsCarrot’sphysicalappearancemuscledandverytall;heisacharacterthatstandsout

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■ showofconfidenceinhisposeandlighthandonAngua
■ swordwhathe’scapableof;orwhatheshoulddo
○ showshimasintelligentalthoughheoftenmisreadshumor/sarcasm
○ Anguaislookingstraightattheviewer;what’stherelationshipbetweendogandman?canitbe
correlatedwiththerelationshipbetweenhumanbeings?
○ rhetoricsofportrayal:
■ maybenotthemanispresented,butasymbolicidealthearmor,theman,andthe
swordareallofthesamecolourpalette
■ neithercharacterhaspupils
■ mostlymonochrome,Romanesqueclothing:representationofaRomanstatue(we’re
gettingarepresentationofarepresentation)
■ Carrotisanartifactofthecityandit’shistory
● picture2:Cpt.Carrot
○ similartoDisneyartworkprincecharmingtypecharacter
■ cartoonishnaturehighlightsthecomicnatureofthenovel;thebookitselfisoftenfilled
withtwodimensionalhumor
■ gingerhairforhisname;purecoloursaremoreatplay(cartoontheme)
○ Carrotissalutingtheviewerheconsidershimselfasserverofthepeople
○ armrestingonswordarms=sword/weapons;MenatArms
○ fandomandfanartiscrucialtoTolkien’sargumentonthepowerofwords:thesepiecesofart
showusdifferentfacetsofthesecharacterstextsometimescannotshowus
● picture3:Carrot
○ representingaconventionofattractiveness(butnotnecessarilyhandsome)
○ Romanarmor
■ Pratchett’sDiscworld
isdislocatedintimeitishoveringbetweenthe16thand19th
century
■ thefactthatCarrotcanwearMedieval,Roman,orGreekarmorcanallworkwithinthe
text
○ heroicstancefitswithhischaracter;hewasbornahero
■ seemsmorearrogantinbothphysicalappearanceandstance
■ thistimehe’snotrestinghishandonhissword(it’sonhisback)
○ backgroundofstars:callsbacktotheGreekheroHerculesastheconstellation
■ legendary,mythologicalpossibilityforCarrot
■ cosmicbackgrounddenotesdestinyquestionofagencyandpower:willheliveuptohis
destiny?
● thecoversofGuards!Guards!
&MenatArms
○ showsCarrotastheheroiccharacter
○ Carrot’sswordishislife;herefusestorelinquishit
Swords in Fantasy
● hypersymbolic:overloadedwithsymbolicpowerandweight
● inGuards!Guards!
Carrotdescribeshowa‘King’sSword’shouldlook
○ TGFF:
hasahugepassageondifferenttypesofswords
● theswordinthestone:
○ questionofpower:insteadofremovingaswordfromastone,haveamanshoveaswordintoa
swordandthenhecanbeking(physicalpower)
● swordsareinnocuous:
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