ENGC39H3 Lecture Notes - Eliza Haywood, Charlotte Lennox, The Female Spectator

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
English
Course
ENGC39H3
Professor
ENGC39 Lecture 1
There are some important things that we need to know about the time
period:
About the booming print trade; they would print bibles, sermons, religious
texts
Sales of printed materials increased
Serial publications and periodicals very popular also anthologies and
miscellanies
After 1750 books became a marker of social status
Female periodicals: The Female Spectator (Eliza Haywood), The Lady’s
Museum (Charlotte Lennox)
Reading was a social activity, reading as a community
People would sit at coffee houses and read, meet friends, meet work people,
were somewhat like private clubs were informal institutions
They were often run by women
Develop specific style of homo-sociability
Like-minded men in convivial social space
Good manners emphasized
Architecture supports sociability
In the 18th century Jurgen Habermas describes the 18th century coffee house
as the model of democracy and is an paradigmatic institution where people
come together without hierarchy and have an equality of voice
It formed a new public culture
Highlight discursively
Collaborations, revision, writing and response, professional criticism, writer
as celebrity.
‘I believe there is hardly a day in which there is not something about me in
the newspapers’ – Samuel Johnson- Sense that writing is becoming a public
role
Problems with the coffee house…
People who cannot afford it cannot attend
There are no women who were part of the culture although they did run the
businesses
Everyone is white no people of colour
Therefore there is no account of their voices in this idealized ‘public sphere’
The Spectator &coffee-houses
Addison claimed each copy was read by 20 people because of coffee houses
Generally…
Highly specialized clientele
White’s chocolate house turned to subscriber-based membership
Evolution of the private club
Coffee houses still site of debating clubs
Spectator view prevails…
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Document Summary

There are some important things that we need to know about the time period: About the booming print trade; they would print bibles, sermons, religious texts. Serial publications and periodicals very popular also anthologies and miscellanies. After 1750 books became a marker of social status. Female periodicals: the female spectator (eliza haywood), the lady"s. Reading was a social activity, reading as a community. People would sit at coffee houses and read, meet friends, meet work people, were somewhat like private clubs were informal institutions. In the 18th century jurgen habermas describes the 18th century coffee house as the model of democracy and is an paradigmatic institution where people come together without hierarchy and have an equality of voice. Collaborations, revision, writing and response, professional criticism, writer as celebrity. I believe there is hardly a day in which there is not something about me in the newspapers" samuel johnson- sense that writing is becoming a public role.

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