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Lecture 2

Course Code
Michael Wells

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Lecture 2
Athenian Mercury (John Dunton)
oSupports romance reading by Persons of Quality” but not by vulgar
oIn Q and A format
Not for vulgar people because they will mistake fiction for fact
oVulgar people let their fancies overcome their reason
They think themselves kings or queens
oYoung people should stay away from Romance (fantasy)
The Spectator (Joseph Addison)
oImagination remakes the real
oNeed imagination to be a successful reader
The Rambler (Samuel Johnson)
oAccording to Johnson, the novel has to modify its representation of the world and aim for
virtuous imitation
oThe novel is very realistic
oNovels are written for young and ignorant so they have to depict real life
oYou shouldnt have characters that have both good and bad qualities because this will
confuse readers
The Adventurer (John Hawkesworth)
oThe novel has a sense of realism which makes it less entertaining
Tom Jones (Henry Fielding)
oNovel is a history
Exhibit genius
Ability to engage in “conversation”
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Ability to interact with high and low people
Feeling heart
A dictionary of the English Language (Samuel Johnson)
oEpic: rehearsed heroics
oFable: moral, poetic fiction
oHistory: narration of facts
oNovel: new; small tale
oNovelist: innovator; novel writer
oRomance: war/love fiction; middle age military fiction
A parallel between history and novel writing (Robert Alves)
oReject romance, accept history
oWomen would be better than men with realism
Dont need history, look at context things that happened, not dates and numbers
oThings are changing and thats when novels show up
Theres no America here comes at end of 18th century
Print culture (Britain has readers) people are reading, talking about it, writing in France, not a
lot of people read, cant afford, censorship
End of 18th century When novel is bought more
Mid of 18th century people write about writing (review publication)
Nixon suggests that the criticism made novels more popular
oTalking about something that isnt a big deal yet
Twitter sensation Twitter was popularized by people talking about it
Novel resists generic conventions
Samuel Johnson
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