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Lecture

lecture 1


Department
English
Course Code
ENGC47H3
Professor
Andrew Du Bois

Page:
of 3
Looking at 50s and 60s
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More or less a 50 yr span from early 1900s to 1950
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Overall structure
Pull as much as possible
Looking at sound and structure
Paradox, tensions, etc.
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Gertrude Stein and Robert Frost
Choose either two very obvious connections or two very different authors
Talk to him prior to writing - in office hours
Second paper - compare and contrast paper
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ID who wrote it, or what's the name of the poem
Political concerns
Time period
Dominant esthetics
Look for the continuity in the poetry
How to they diverge from the "norm" of the time
In response to a poem that he gives us there
Essay component
Final exam - 2 hours
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Hand in papers, not over e-mail
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Internal tensions
The fragments in life are shows in the construction of the poem
Conflicting ideologies
They represented the difficulty in the world through poetry
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Has a subtext along with something that people can relate to
Pop- cultural figure, who undercuts his own popularity
Frost
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Writing that was trying to be very concentrated, didn't waste any time
Calling forth an image in your mind right away
Trying to correct what they saw as flawed tendencies of the Victorian era
Being more particular, rather than abstract
Actually encapsulate it
Avoid the big "capital letters" - Beauty, Truth
Imagism
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Considered the atomic bomb of mod poetry
A mixture of "classical" and "contemporary
Other poets use it in a more personal interpretation
The Waste Land
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Put on trial for treason
Made very anti-Semitic comments
Generous with his time and money towards other poets
Internationalist impulse, like TS Eliot
Pound - contentious figure
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He's infatuated with her work
Moore
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Nationalist impulse
You can see that he was a doctor in his work
Williams
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African - American tradition within his poetry
Blues
Oral histories
Hughes
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His poetry is like the Blues, very jazz like
Brown
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Turned to pros
Writes about 2-3 generations For my People, concerning "folk tales"
Walker
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3 types of feminist writing, before what you would think was the feminist movement
Millay - was incredibly popular
Nov 23
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Funny and interesting
H.D - Hilda Doolittle
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Related to everything we've read
Last class
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To the Rose upon the Rood of Time
More political
Irish nationalism
At the same time weary of certain political movements and trying to juggle the cause and how it
was defended and his own personal beliefs
Celtic mythology - they were trying to bring back the language and customs and it was used in poetry
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** White Noise, the eighth novel by Don DeLillo
** the agony and the suffering
Intro Lecture
Monday, September 12, 2011
9:13 AM
C. de Souza ENGC47H3 Page 1
was defended and his own personal beliefs
Mythology is incorporated into the work
Mixing the two of the best associations
Mixing symbols
On one hand you have ref to the past in Ireland and at the same time the couplets that are associated
with the best of the British literature
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Mixing the rose and the cross
Christian Rosen movement
It was a movement - Lutheran priest
"Rood of time"
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Pre-existed before mortal time, and will live on after it
Will never fade
Transcendent beauty
Not what you're dealing with on a daily basis
Conflicts with mortality
Rose represents eternal beauty
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We're moving towards death
The rood or cross represents human life, mortality
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Wants to talk about the big picture, and include humanity in it
But once he is inspired (breaths) he transforms it with his own touch and then expires it
(exhales) and changes it - also know as dying
He wants to breath in the smell of the rose - and then put the spirit back out
Uses time - honoured symbols, but corrects himself to not over use eternal time
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If she comes too close he may not be able to identify the little things
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i.e what is the status of beauty - is it found in human form of in a garbage heap
Their strength is represented in their conflicted mind
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Compare this to when he's older, his understanding of beauty over time
He doesn't stay the same over time
This is an early poem - he's fairly young when he wrote this
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He'll sing the sadness of the rose - both of beauty and Ireland
Ireland lost their independence long ago, and now under the rule of Britain
Lots end up slaughtered
Celtic twilight writers were responding to the colonialist movement which was imposed upon
them
You can see them on the sea, but because the sea is moving so are their reflection
They're sitting still in the sky, and the sea is like their feet moving
The stars are old and lonely, dancing by themselves
Human beauty changes and fades
"all good things must come to an end"
Keeping it honest, and in human context - so it can end
The fact that it has to come to an end is what makes it more beautiful
But because we know death is the result, it makes life more difficult
Death makes us appreciate life
There is beauty in sadness itself
"death is the mother of beauty" Stevens
Beauty is sad in this poem
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We look for the beauty in the destruction
Response to an event that has happened is often aesthetic
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Connection between beauty and suffering
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Nostalgic
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Rhyming couplets
Two stanzas
Additive time
1 and 2, 1 and 2 …
Something that correlates in the couplets and the fact that there are only two stanzas
Three repetitions and then something added
Both stanzas begin in the same way
Sometimes looking at the elements comes from your intuition, rather than actual terminology
You end where you begin
The first line is the last line - circular attitude
But at the same time the beginning and ending are the same - more eternal
Begin the discussion on ancient (eternal) time
Followed by human time
Gives us different blocks of time
Building things all stacked up over time - humanistic
Architecture of the poem
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The Lake Isle of Innisfree
Listen to the poem
Sound and a feeling that is more concrete, less symbolic than the previous one
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More personal, more modern
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A lot of modern poems are a little less ornate, a little less concerned with abstraction
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There's a correlation between these two poems and nature
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In this one we're moving towards a sense of nature just being a symbol, but it does have some specificity
not just "Nature" - the "bee-loud glade"
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Discussion how nature is encroaching on us
We cannot escape from human civilization
How do we get away from constant stimulation?
Why did he want to go into nature?
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C. de Souza ENGC47H3 Page 2
How do we get away from constant stimulation?
Doesn't want just human time
A different kind(s) of time
Hopes it will provide something for us
Nature has it's own rhythm, and humanity cannot change that no matter how powerful we
become
There is a correlation between us and nature, even though it's been somewhat dampened,
or obscured
We've tried to pave over nature, but the heart of it is still very loud
Evening, morning, afternoon, and dawn all concretely placed in this once stanza
There's a totality of time, but comes on very slow (second stanza)
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The deep heart is left purposely ambiguous
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C. de Souza ENGC47H3 Page 3