Historical background in egypt in the 70s. Published in english in "81 but originally in the 70s. Being economically open to the west (and capitalism) Was a reaction to marxism so egypt felt like it had to be open to the west. Head of state at the time - 60s/70s (marxism/nationalism) He thought that egypt had to be involved in wars especially against isreal (conflict w/ israel was based on geography rather than religion). Wanted to go back to the era before colonialism. * belief that with capitalism came dirty money through prostitution which is emphasized in book (rich man who pulls up in car) Huge discrepancy btwn rich and poor money becomes very important. *in intro she says pokes fun at infitah saying that it didn"t bring along political empowerment - Many females were put in prison for political views . Killing of muslim brothers (political group that was a threat to marxism.