Bible and Literature
Lecture 3 (Sept 15-11)
➢ Chapter 9 (v: 9 - continuation from previous lecture)
➢ 3 sons of Noah – every human being that came after the flood were descendents of these 3
sons. Noah is drunk and naked in his tent. Sons take a garment and walk backwards in an
attempt to cover their father without looking at him.
➢ What's Ham's offence? Some kind of taboo had been broken – maybe you're not supposed to
view a figure of authority in that state.
➢ Outcome: Gets cursed by his father – Ham's offspring will be servants to their cousins.
➢ 3 Sons: Shem, Ham, Japeth
➢ Shem: Hebrews are descendents of Shem
➢ Ham: Egyptian descendents &Africans (plausible explanation to justify slavery)
➢ Japeth: Present day Turday & Southeastern Europe
➢ Abraham (1 Patriarch)
➢ God promises him land and countless descendents
➢ The covenant with God
➢ Chapter 17
➢ God promises to make him father of many nations
➢ Name changes to Abraham
➢ Promises him land of Canaan – clear thatAbraham is not a native of this land for he's
referred to as “a stranger to the land”, so therefore it's someone else's land.
➢ As opposed to Noah, where the symbol is a rainbow, here it's a blood covenant = all
male babies must be circumcized as a token of the covenant.
➢ 1 time God as asked humans to do something.
➢ Why Abraham?Appears as a righteous individual who obeys God.
➢ Chapter 18
➢ An incident whereAbraham hesitates before acting = he has a theological discussion w/
➢ Abraham pleads with God for Sodom and Gomorrah
➢ Different portrayal of how little God knows
➢ Abraham questions God's decision “will you slay the righteous with the wicked?”
➢ How could God not be able to distinguish between the righteougs and the wicked?
➢ Abraham continues to bargain with God
➢ Chapter 19 (v: 4)
➢ Incidents involving Lot
➢ They want to have sex with the angels
➢ Lot offers up his own daughters instead as a replacement because he knows that such an
act is deemed wicked.
➢ God saves Lot because of Lot's close relationship toAbraham.