Bible and Literature
➢ Exodus 19-24: 32-34; 40
Numbers 10:11-17; 20-25
➢ Shift in Israellites Relationship to God in Exodus and Numbers
In Genesis, it is still a personal relationship between God and the
patriarch – now its God and the people.
Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob are "patriarchs"
They are like fathers; they govern the people.
Moses on the other hand, is a "prophet"
Predictior and also a judge
Does not have absolute authority over people
Potential for conflict & disobedience btwn community members and
Community's rebellion against God.
Community's rebellion against leaders
➢ Exodus 25
After they convince Aaron to build golden cow for worship – Moses is
People are being asked to place loyalty to God rather than traditional
loyalty to community
Therefore, obey and kill those who are guilty of worshipping golden
cow – community vs. Personal relationships
People are lustful – they want more
They miss food from home
God is not very sympathetic – punishes them by them what they
want – gives them "flesh"
Rebellion by community directly against God
Often times when people rebel, Moses becomes an emblem of God
They want Moses and Aaron's power too, since they're equal to
them in holiness
V:19 – Again, God's going to be wrong – God was going to wipe out
entire congregation but Moses and Aaron that, to wipe out all just
cause some sinned is unfair (resembles the scene in Sodom).
• So God considers this, and what he does is separate the
offenders from the nonoffenders – offenders get swallowed up
Rivalry Between Leaders
Aaron & Mariam – Brother and sister of Moses
They actually say things about Moses – the fact that he married an
Aaron & Mariam both offend but only Mariam is punished – turned
into a leapord for 7 days (by God) and then is later reinstated into the community.
The Ten Commandments and the Book of the Covenant (Chapters 19-
1 few commandments are very long (followed by explanati