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ENGC35H3 (4)

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Majorie Rubright

Early Modern England: - English men go abroad and pick up various words (so mixed with foreignness) - A sense of shame about English is produced - Early modern eng often represented as broken - Early modern English dictionaries trying to bring clarity but produce a form of embarrassment - Imagined communities, Big question for in-class activity: how do stories about language reveal larger assumptions about culture? 1) Cawdrey: “..never blush” * mother- motherland (outlandish) * nobody will recognize you (ditching identity as English person) “powder their talk over…” word powder associated with femininity (not macsulin to speak with foreignness) also powdering in relation to the word counterfeit (counterfeiting the king’s English, making it of less value like what would happen if you counterfeited coins) (powdering to change true colour, powdering dialect with foreignness, becoming a traitor) * travelling= something that is suspicious (betrays your tongue) 2) John Bullokar “diverse term of hearts proper to…philosophy astronomy…herein I hope…dishonour to learning…to the capacity of the ignorant” * foreign vulgar languages (doesn’t sound refined enough) * various communities * his dictionary like a book that sheds light * insufficiently furnished language…are we supposed to borrow words from other languages? * English is so unfurnished that we need to borrow 3) Edwards: “bordering nation deposit…Latin tongue…be exempted” * we see latin as pure, but it’s not, it has been generated by speech * English also generated by speech (if they consider latin as pure then English has to be pure as well” * language going to shift when you use them ( a way of degeneration) you’re going to wear it out * instills this idea of authentic English “mighty foreign terms…wasn’t the way of root, rock or foundation..” *understand he’s trying to use nature figuratively (stream comes together from other lands around the rock which is the foundation which is covered by bushes which creates ambiguity) * dutch certain about their culture (by comparing, he creates confusion for himself) * why use nature/ natural imagery?  what does that plant in our imagination (language is natural, we are si
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