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ENGC39 7.docx

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Anne Milne

ENGC39 7 Shamela  Title Page: o Required Reading, moral value “necessary to be read” o Correct errors o Implies shame, the “Apology” o Parody of the biography of Colley Cibber o The author: Conny Keyber  Not even Fielding publishing it anonymously, but under a pseudonym  Conyer Middleton and Colley Cibber  Conney, double entendre: smutty term for vagina o The mention of the young politician  Pamela was servant who attracts the attention of her master  He tries to rape her several times, she refuses until they get married  So she climbed the social ladder  Which implies that she could have been scheming to raise her status in the first place, which is where Fielding takes Shamela  Also a reference to the relationship Cibber has with Robert Walpole o The authentic papers, real letters  Keeps with Pamela, Richardson publishes it and presents self as editor that had received these real papers o NOTE: this is a form of paratext  First in long line of parodies of Pamela o Because it was seriously really popular o Like the Twilight of our times  Criticized as o Too moralistic o Pamela seemed too good to be true o “sly minx” less innocent than she appears o The question of what an exemplary woman is and if Pamela is one  Antipamela o Richardson presents text as instable  Points of instability are openings for responses, and other takes  People took that on as project  All this merchandise and satirical material o Questions with the success of Pamela:  The idea that the attempted rape of this woman carried such cultural intention  Suggests that this issue was of public concern to a lot of people  The regulation of women‟s behaviour and bodies  A lot of this was in novel-reading  The effect of novel-reading on young women, their fragile impressionable minds o Really focuses on this one little plot point  How she maintains her virtue and refuse that politician  He focuses on this shit even more in his 1300 page novel afterwards  Fielding responded possibly because: o Money, kind of a cop-out to respond to a super popular novel, „cause pretty much guaranteed an audience  The popularity offended him, actually o Seeing a shift in the meaning of Virtue  “virtue” reduced to mean chastity o Shamela has lots of reference to virtue and stuff for comic effect th o Sees old meaning of virtue as excellence and the 18 c obsession with retaining virginity o Virginity = property rights, the father of the child, inheritance issues  Women need to be regulated so that bastards shouldn‟t inherit things they shouldn‟t o Sets out to make this obvious, that Pamela‟s virtue is inadequate o Uses Vartue to convey that it‟s not actually virtue o Keywords in Shamela: “feign”, “act” and “pretend”  To reveal the artifice in Pamela o Wants to reclaim “virtue”  Tries to show that it‟s more about good nature than about chastity  Augustan view of interdependence of society and language  Shamela‟s more a straight-up satire and attack on Pamela  But keeps working on virtue and writes Tom Jones and Joseph Andrews o Concerns about epistolary form (ep
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