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ENGC48H3 (6)

Lecture 2

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Steven Minuk

Satire – Lecture 2 The Faces of Satire ➢ The word satire is derived from he latin word satura denotes a medley or mixture of things and also the idea of fullness ➢ Lanx satura – dish full of mixed fruits (offered to gods during festivals) ➢ satura - adjective meaning full (saturate) ➢ There is an erroneous etymology of satire with the mythological satyr figure which is widespread until the 17C – false etymology.  Casaubon in 1605 published a treatise on satire. He was the first to distinguish between the latin word of satire and this false etymology. He pointed out the true etymology of satire. ➢ Satire Before Horace  Satires have been written as both stage form and art form.  Satires have been practiced in verse form, prose form and drama.  Early practicioners of Satires  VERSE SATIRE • Ennius (239-169) • first to use the word Saturae • wrote medleys on diverse subjects • Lucilius (102 BC) • predecessor to Horac • first practicioner of satire whose work still exists today in fragments. • Sort of a forefather of Satire except there isn't a large enough body of his work to be looked at carefully. • Lucilius attacked prominent contemporaries by name. • Enjoyed protection of Scipio family • So he was able to write with more liberty • Makes criticism an essential feature of the form.  DRAMA • In drama, the most prominent practictioner of satire before the 1 C CE is the Greek dramatistAristophanes  PROSE • Lucian ➢ Is satire a genre or mode? Usually a mode or type of expression. Can't be easily categorized. ➢ Historical Contexts of Horace and Juvenal  Roman Republic  Ruled by senate and distinguished families  Lucilius was writing during this time  Roman Empire (Augustus Caesar)  Ruled by autocratic emperors  Horace was writing during this time  Roman Empire (Domitian)  Ruled by autocratic emperors  Juvenal was writing during this time ➢ Horace Readings  He called his satires sermones or “conversations”  What;s his attitude toward the vice and folly he sees around himself?  He doesn't really attach himself to it  His attitude is more empirical; he;'s observing the world around himself in a rather scientific and unemotional way.  What are the different themes we see in (evinced by) these 3 satires?  What literary device does Horace use in each satire to engage the reader?  Personification 
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