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ENGC54H3 (16)
Lecture

lecture 4

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Department
English
Course
ENGC54H3
Professor
Natalie Rose
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture4 - 20/09 Tuesday,September 20, 2011 3:05PM  Shelley:PrometheusUnbound - Veryromantic  PercyShelley(1792-1822) - OneoftherepresentativeRomanticpoets ○ Endof18th cent -mid19th cent RomanticPeriod ○ Professorconsidershimthemostromanticwriter - HusbandofMary Shelley - ExpelledfromOxfordforpenningpamphletTheNecessityofAtheism ○ It'sclearhe'ssomeonewhowasworkingthroughhisthoughtsaboutGodand is seeninhis poemthatwe'restudying  Romanticism - Romanticismplaces"anemphasisonfeeling,individualityandpassionratherthanclassicalform andorder,andtypicallyprefer[s]grandeur,picturesqueness,ornaturalnesstofinishand proportion.Generallyopposedtoclassical"(OED,"romantic,"adj.7) ○ Doesnotseemlikehecarefullyplannedoutthedifferentpartsofhispoem ○ Thisisaclassicalmyththathe hastaken andretold,butaverydifferentaffecttotheother playsconcerningPrometheus - ReactionagainstEnlightenmentbeliefinscientificrationalism ○ Generallythe18thcentury,aperiodofalot ofscientificdiscoveryandwherepeoplefelta rationalandempiricalunderstandingofthingsintheworld ○ Tookthetrustin scienceandrationalitytoanextremeandthependulumwenttoanother extreme,stressingindividuality  Shouldconsidereach experienceasanindividualcase - HeavilyinfluencedbytheFrenchRevolution(1789) ○ Believedinbrotherhoodamonghumansandcreatingequality ○ ReiteratedinShelley'swork - "[Shelley's]radicalspiritexpresseditselfintwoways:inanunrestraineddenunciationofthepast withitstyrannicalgovernmentofpriestsandkings,andinanunshakeablefaithforafuturewithits perfectedhumanityandexemptionfromgovernment." ○ AlbertElmerHancock,TheFrenchRevolutionandtheEnglish Poets ○ Averyromanticvision-veryoptimistic  Utopianexistence  PrometheusUnbound - Publishedin1820 - Shelleyexpectedittosellnomorethan20copies - Subtitled"ALyricalDrama":fusionoftwogenres,thelyricanddrama ○ Lyricpoetryanddrama ○ Usuallypoetrythatusuallyfocusesmoreonpersonalexperienceandemotion  Verypersonal ○ Dramais usuallyperformedinpublic,andalotlesspersonal  Containsanarratorandmany differentviewpoints ○ ShelleychoseitpartiallybecauseheisinfluencedbyAeschylusplayandhelikesthe multivocalelements - Knewthathisworkwasn'tmainstream  Summary:Act 1 - PrometheuschainedtoCaucususfor"threethousandyearsofsleep-unshelteredhours"(1.12) - PrometheuswishestohearthecurseheplaceduponJupiterlongago(1.53ff) ○ JupiterisZeus Noentityinthisworlddaresspeakthecurse - Noentityinthisworlddaresspeakthecurse - PrometheusconjuresthePhantasmofJupiter;Phantasmrepeatsthecurse(1.282ff) - Prometheusregretsthecurse(1.303) - MercuryarriveswiththeFuriesandasksPrometheustorevealthesecretofwhoshallsupplant Jupiter - Prometheusrefuses,andtheFuriesbegintotorturehimbytauntinghimwiththe"evil"that re
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