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Canada (510,970)
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FREC11H3 (11)
Lecture 10

Lecture 10 Notes translated in English

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Elena Voskovskaia

Lecture 10The relationship between mother language and foreign language1 Mother languagesecond language A native speaker often possess a superior linguistic skill of L1 over that of L2 a linguistic intuition The maternal language is acquiredstructured by a child in a natural may through contacts and interactions repetitions explanations questions corrections definitions etc with the other members of his groupThe definition of the notion of maternal language proposed by Cuq and Gruca Maternal language is a language that having acquired its first socialization and possibly being reinforced by academic learning is defined primarily for an individual his membership to a human group and to that which he refers more or less consciously during linguistic learning The second language is the language of whose usage is acquired at an ulterior stage in life to the learning of the primary or maternal languageIn the process of L2 learning the first language plays the role of the reference languageFrench as a second language this notion is used when the French language possesses an important status in a country where it is spoken by or it has a part of the populationOften FLS is one of the official languages of a country that is actively used as an administrative political and economic languageTo differentiate between FLS taught in France and FLS taught abroad Pochard introduces the notion of host FLS FLSH The term of host second languagewill be used to design the learned language in the country the region where this language is the dominant unique languageFrench as a foreign language FLE it refers to the French language taught or learned as a foreign language Generally FLE does not have a particular social status in the considered country The most important trait of FLE is the fact that it is not a language of teaching and learning that whichdiffers it from FLS and FLM The methods of FLE are generally elaborated for an older public a class a general course for adolescents or adults In this way the learning of FLE is motivated by a voluntary gait of the studentTo learn a new language two cognitive operations are important perception and memorization To acquire a new language a new code of communication it is necessary to perceive it under all aspects phonetic phoneme and intonation lexical the sense of words morphosyntactic the organization of the phrase structure of words grammar When the mother language is removed from the target language it is necessary to facilitate its perception by the selection of ways that will be more easily perceived by the student similarities between L1 and LC in the lexicon syntax etcMemorisation is the second important cognitive factor in the learning of the target language FLS Without memorization the student can not produce sounds in the LC in oral and in written Sounds are stocked in the memory of the student and they are available for useThe use of L2 in the teaching of FLS
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