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History of Asia

Global Asia Studies
Course Code
Liang Chen

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Reading for Week 1: pp.1-3, 15-21
Murphey, A History of Asia
Agricultural Origins in Southern Asia:
Rice (Swamp plant) native to Southeast Asia, also several tropical root and tree crops in
wild form
Early development of Asia centred on root crops, easily cultivated in the tropical climate by
setting cuttings in the ground. (Yams, taro, etc.)
Millet first cereal cultivated in Southeast Asia
Not native, but was introduced form Northwest China or from Central Asia
Hence, could be grown only on a tended basis
Better suited to uplands
Development of controlled irrigation was founded about 1000 B.C.E.
Peoples and early Kingdoms of Southeast Asia:
There have been many movements of people earlier from mainland Southeast Asia
northward into China.
Northern Vietnam was the early kingdom that included much of south-eastern China
Chicken, pigs, rice and water buffalo moved north from mainland Southeast Asia to
Neolithic south China.
There is was easy access between northern Vietnam and southeast China, by river and
across low mountain range.
By about the 3
rd century C.E, there was little or no distinction between the two areas
in people, language and culture.
Korea and Japan
Millet-based agriculture, accompanied by domesticated pigs, sheep, and goats, spread from
north China to Korea by 2000 B.C.E.
By 3rd century B.C.E, iron technology came from China to Korea
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