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Lecture 4

GASA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Avicenna


Department
Global Asia Studies
Course Code
GASA01H3
Professor
Liang Chen
Lecture
4

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Week 4
What does Indianization of Southeast Asia actually mean, and how did that happen?
What the “Indianization” of Southeast Asia actually means is the coming together or the
Indian, Chinese, Malayan, and Buddhist communities, it was when the cultural and
intellectual inf luences of each mixed to create a sort of mixed Southeast Asia. Created
two sets of people per say the Burma known in Myanmar and Siam in Thailand. Its
basically as trading between the Indians and the East Asians progressed and became more
frequent, cultural inf luences were brought as well. Indian missionaries converted the
natives to Buddhism and Hinduism, and soon the local rulers were calling themselves
maharajahs and imitat ing the cour ts of India down to the smallest details It partially
occur red due to an attraction to gold that each country had. India had obtained gold, and
East Asian countries were traveling more frequently w ithin India to obtain it. After the
Portuguese revolution t hat occurs a little later in week 8, we see tha t it also
commercialized the routes of Asia and the communication between India and Asia
increased as Buddhism spread.
The Delhi Sultanate – was a discriminator y policies toward the Hindus that lasted
between 1206 -1526. It was a time where there was an attempt to convert everyone to the
Islamic way. Seeing that it was nearly impossible, the Turco-Afghans, decided to treat
the Hindus as second-class citizens imposing a heavy head-tax (6%) on all those w ho
stayed Hindu • Gradual softening of Muslim rule • Problems with internal power
struggles and intrigue • Fusion of Hindu and Persian/Ir anian cultures
How did transfer of ideas and knowledge, including s cience and technology, t ake place
between Asia and Europe? By what means, and whats the impact? (In relation to the
account of Ibn Sina)
Trade —above all, long-distance trade—played a central role in this process. Trade
implies not only an exchange of goods, but also an exchange of knowledge, beliefs, and
values. The power of trade to unify, create, and transfor m cultures can be appreciated only
by viewing it from the widest possible angle. The transfer of knowledge, between Asia
and Europe became a unified space through exchange networks that went far beyond its
own borders, reaching from China to Europe and Africa through the Indian Ocean and
even the Silk Road. The fact that the different regions of the ancient world united by trade
experienced a demonstrable synchronization in their development suggests the systemic
nature of their relations. It usually took place in through word of mouth, and inf luence as
mentioned before, in particular in Ibn Sina, a philosopher and early medical student was
one who was able to grasp the different perspectives and inf luences from the Asian
countries and increase his philosophy, and practices in the Arab land. He bor rowed ideas
from Buddhism to increase philosophy and took great interest in the scientific medical
innovations and progress that India put forward.
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