Global Asia Studies
Week Number 2 Discussion Questions:
What is the relationship between Hinduism and Buddhism, and what are their similarities and differences in
the major doctrinal teachings? And where did they spread and become dominant?
The relationship between Hinduism and Buddhism is simply that Buddhism is derived from Hinduism. Both
religions overlap in about 90% many of its teachings. The similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism are
vast; they share the key teachings of dharma, karma, and samsara, moksha, devotion, and nonviolence for life.
They are both still described as a way of life rather than a religion it self. The differences subsided within the
common need to reject the ritualuization and growing caste differences that are found in Hinduism.
Buddhism also rejects Hindu Gods. Hinduism seeking to be the oldest of the world’s main religions started
within the Indus civilization and become dominant all over today’s known India. Buddhism on the other
hand, started in India however became more dominant as it spread eastward towards the East Asian countries.
Why was there a seemingly universal need for religion, no matter what for m it might take? Use one of the
major religions to i llustrate your arguments.
There has always been, currently is, and always will be a universal need for religion. Religion enforces
guidelines, moral conduct, and a way of life. It enables a community to come together on shared values and
beliefs, and set norms tha t will be followed for generations to come. Take for example major religions that
have continued to strive and grow today, Hinduism, Chr istianity and Islam. AS they have progressed over the
years, they’ve adapted to modern lifestyle, teaching and guiding individuals through life. When humans are
unknowing and confused they make t heories in order to solve things. Religion helps answer the
unanswerable, providing a continuous sense of hope. If one did not have religion than everyt hing would be
absolute, miracles would seize to exist and life would be dull. With religion, one has incentive to do well, to
fear the bad, to have faith and simply believe that there is something out there beyond this life.