Class Notes (922,111)
CA (542,723)
UTSC (32,892)
GASA01H3 (55)
Liang Chen (17)
Lecture 2

week 2 journal

2 Pages
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Department
Global Asia Studies
Course Code
GASA01H3
Professor
Liang Chen

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Islam branched from Judaism and Christianity. The founder and prophet of the Islamic
religion, Mohammed, was born in Arabia around 570 C.E.. To Muslims he is not God, but
rather Gods last prophet. Mohammeds preaching centered around the affirmation of one
god, as opposed to many tribal religions that were popular in Arabia of earlier times.
Quran, the most sacred text of Islam, is said to be inspired by God, communicated through
Mohammed. The Quran adopted considerable amount of beliefs from both the Judaism and
Christianity; from Christianity it adopted the concept of Heaven and Hell, and from
Judaism it adopted fasting and almsgiving. Followers of Islamic faith are to worship and
love Allah as well as fear him. Its policy toward non-believers are sanctioned through
Jihads, which can be waged by four means; the heart, the tongue, the hand, and lastly, the
sword. After Mohammeds death, Muslims waged wars in North Africa, Asia, and Europe,
bringing their religion into these regions by force. They ultimately brought Islam to India,
but only converted a small portion of people; most of the converts were the ones at the
bottom of the caste system. To those people, the Islam belief of equality for all men broke
them free from the traditional East Asian system of caste. Islamic traders into China had a
big impact on Chinese beliefs. Millions of Chinese people concentrated on the borders were
converted, though later on they found it easier to modify many Islamic rules, including the
five daily prayers, while still following some other rules, such as the avoidance of pork.
Later on, followers of Islam broke into two groups, the Sunni, and the Shiite. They differ
slightly, but the Shiite believed that the Quran is not the ultimate finished text from God
and their pilgrimage practices differ from the Sunni.
Confucius was born about 551 B.C.E. and was an advisor and teacher for many local rulers
of his time. He can be compared with Plato, both looked for people that would be shaped by
his advices but just like Plato he never found the right candidate. His most formidable
student was Mencius, who helped him spread his teachings throughout East Asia.
Confucianism provided a path for people, defined the roles of everybody in society, and
highly promoted education as the solution for many worldly problems of his time. The
teaching focused mainly on how to achieve a harmonized society, and not so much on
individualism. It is not considered a religion because it does not talk much on the
supernatural, and it does not answer the ultimate question of where do we go after we
die? Later it became would become the backbone of Chinese philosophy and merge with the
common Chinese ideals. Confucianism, like Hinduism, was more human-centered and more
life-celebrating. Hard work and good ethics are important as well as leisure activities and
nature. It promoted social equality, discarded the previous caste system in some cases, like
the imperial examination system and the selection of officials, regardless of their social
origins. In contrast, Daoism teachings differ greatly. It promotes that the human world is
not what matters, but rather the cosmic world of nature matters. Daoists prefer quietness,
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Description
Islam branched from Judaism and Christianity. The founder and prophet of the Islamic religion, Mohammed, was born in Arabia around 570 C.E.. To Muslims he is not God, but rather Gods last prophet. Mohammeds preaching centered around the affirmation of one god, as opposed to many tribal religions that were popular in Arabia of earlier times. Quran, the most sacred text of Islam, is said to be inspired by God, communicated through Mohammed. The Quran adopted considerable amount of beliefs from both the Judaism and Christianity; from Christianity it adopted the concept of Heaven and Hell, and from Judaism it adopted fasting and almsgiving. Followers of Islamic faith are to worship and love Allah as well as fear him. Its policy toward non-believers are sanctioned through Jihads, which can be waged by four means; the heart, the tongue, the hand, and lastly, the sword. After Mohammeds death, Muslims waged wars in North Africa, Asia, and Europe, bringing their religion into these regions by force. They ultimately brought Islam to India, but only converted a small portion of people; most of the converts were the ones at the bottom of the caste system. To those people, the Islam belief of equality for all men broke them free from the traditional East Asian system of caste. Islamic traders into China had a big impact on Chinese beliefs. Millions of Chinese people concentrated on the borders were converted, though later on they found it easier to modify many Islamic rules, including the five daily prayers, while still following some other rules, such as the avoidance of pork. Later on, followers of Islam broke into two groups, the
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