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Lecture 4

GASA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Tao Te Ching, List Of The Legend Of Qin Characters, Filial Piety


Department
Global Asia Studies
Course Code
GASA02H3
Professor
Libbie Mills
Lecture
4

Page:
of 4
Week 4- Lecture Notes Oct 4 2012
Proverb
- Saying
- Moral
- Ancient
- Meaning of life
- Short and memorable
- With rhythm (easy to remember)
- Belongs to people
- Cleverness
Sayings (how to distinguish proverbs and sayings?)
- Authored, we know who said it
- Not necessarily catchy and memorable
- Sayings of Confucius, the Taoteching, Sayings of Zen
Folk Tales
- Use animals to represent human natures
- Used to educate children
Heroes
- Come from a humble beginning
- Strong and powerful
- Supernatural
- Do things that are difficult
- Connection with God
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Reading 4.1
- Nitisara: Niti means good conduct. Sara means essence.
- Contents are un-datable. Collection of proverbs, gained wide popularity in the state of Kerala.
- The topic of Niti used to be an integral part of their curriculum in olden day. The idea was to
guide children in the proper direction at an impressionable age.
- Easy to teach and memorize.
- 3 on education, 1 on marriage, 1 on fate
- His logic of grouping
1) Act with care and caution
2) Education and training
3) Greatness of knowledge
4) Nature of the vicious
5) Who is happy?
6) Wealth is to be utilized
7) Always prudent
8) Man and nature
9) Support from wife
Reading 4.2
- Expands our view of proverbs to the world.
- Confucius 551-479 BCE, aimed to modify society, decrease bad conduct and increase good
conduct (li), promote harmony
- Emphases:
1) Ren (人): good conduct, benevolence, harmony, fitting in with society.
2) Xing (): human nature, an inborn quality that can be improved upon.
3) Tian-ming( 天命): fate, heaven’s mandate
4) Xiao: filial piety
- Lao-tzu’s taoteching(daodejing) is the book of the Tao and the Te(de)
- The Tao, is literally “road” or “way”. It is the source and ideal of all existence: it is unseen,
powerful, the root of all things.
- The Te is the means of reaching Tao. It is virtue, moral character and a power to act. It is to
be cultivated in order to reach the Tao.
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Reading 4.5
- Budhidharma (died c. 532 CE., India, China)
- The Zen way is one of experience, not learning.
Reading 4.6