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Lecture 6

GASA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Descendents


Department
Global Asia Studies
Course Code
GASA02H3
Professor
Libbie Mills
Lecture
6

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GASB34- Householder vs Renunciate 10/14/2011 8:50:00 AM
Lecture 6
In lecture 4 we looked at Caturvarnasrama system of classes:
1. Bhramin Scholar Teacher
2. Ksatriya Warior Kind
3. Vaisya
4. Sudra
The top three classes were offered certain occupations. Namely, Student, Householder, Forest
Hermit, Wandering Ascetic (Know the differences between the two: fire, as well as being able to
provide for themselves with respect to begging and using resources from the forest)
We will look at the tension between the householder and ascetic ways of life.
Part 1: The arguments for each side -
Part 2: The cross-breeze (connections)
Reading for this week: Manu 6.1 page 43
- This chapter continues to emphasize householder life (will be picking out the claims for the
householder why the householder is important this book assumes that the householder life
is good)
Householder
- An individual who has graduated must marry after a ritual
- If the woman with whom you are wanting to marry offers offerings to the same anscestors, you
must not marry her sapinda cannot be married on the father’s side
- Describes specific characteristics of “Ideal” woman
- Many rules about who to marry and who to not marry
To a lerned and virtuous man
- The Bhrama Rite
- The Daiva Rite
-Raksous rite (taking a woman screaming from her home after having removed all of ther kin)
- A good marriage can erase the sin of 10 levels of ancestors, 10 levels of Descendents and him
as the 21st
- A Faulty marriage will lead to faulty children’s
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- The better the marriage the more people you can save and purify.
Verse 51
(3.51)
The laws of dowry
- In accepting a dowry in greed = selling ones offspring
- A dowry is a bad thing (very clear!)
- Some people who give away a coq (arsa) for the wedding and call it a gratuite, it is
STILL considers a sale
Manu is coming down even on this arsa act!
The Nuptual Fire
- When a new household is created (in marriage) this necesicates a new fire!
The householder has 5 vessels/slaughter houses
o Hearth (of the fire)
o The Grind Stone
o The Broom
o The mortar
o Water part
By using any of these 5 vessels you are bound in error
Crime against microscopic beings/invisible beings
This is a fundamental concept that Manu repeats over again
and again. These fundamental vessels of the householder
when used can lead to them being considered as being
harmful to them
Thus, to atone for these errors, there are 5 sacrifices which the
householders must attend to, in order to make sure that the
errors does not over take them!
Must make these offerings everyday
3.76: An offering made correctly to the fire goes to the sun, sun comes rain, rain comes food
and from food comes beings
The householders are responsible for sustain EVERYTHING!!!!
Manu is telling the householders that their ritualistic acts are essential to maintaining
all creation
Their argument is very strong bc they maintain the whole cycle of beings as well as
serve their ancestors
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