Global asia studies - lecture 4: take up our fourth universal theme: the communication of ideas through words, uttered and written. A proverb is a saying that has a moral to it. There usually ancient sayings that express meaning of life. They are brief and easy to memorize. In theory, it s something that you carry it belongs to the people. It s cleaver, and is passed on from generations to generations. It s sharp and cut to the chase: what is the nitisara niti translates to good conduct, and sara translates to essence = good essence for good behavior. It s not datable, he brings about short collections of proverbs and what they mean to him; text of a generally modern version of old proverbs. The verse is largely of a simple type called sloka. A sloka verse has 32 syllables, on two lines - 16 syllables on each line.