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Lecture 3

GASB67H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Dharmachakra, Barabar Caves, Four Lions


Department
Global Asia Studies
Course Code
GASB67H3
Professor
Sudharshan Duraiyappah
Lecture
3

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GASB67H3 Week 3: Lecture Notes Jan 25 2013
Email: sudharshan.duraiyappah@utoronto.ca
- The bull is note associated with the Buddha in the Buddhas writing. Came from the pre- Buddha
context.
- Natural portrait of the bull
- Four lions, each lion faces different direction
- The wheel design, called Dharma Chakra.
- Persian Art, Persia= modern day Iran
- Original piece has a Dharma Chakra on top,
Early Rock- Cut Sanchtuaries
Lomas Rsi Cave Barabar Hills
- Sanchtuaries, for monks in the rainy season
- Early buildings were made out of wood, the first 2 floors of Buddhas temple were made of wood,
but it doesn't last.
- Kalasa
- A crocodile’s tail and body, elephants trunk. Always associated with war in pre- Buddha.
- Makara, is for this particular composition of animal
- No paintings,
Baja Cave
- Heavily copying form of the wood
- Vihara, for living. Monks have rooms for each.
- Chaitya, for worship.
- Stupa in the center, go around clockwise
- Reconstructed, wooden parts inside od the building
- Surya on the left side, the sun.
- Indra on the right side rides a white elephant. Thunder god. Whole body covered with ice. They
are respecting Buddha.
Stupa
- Can look in different ways, patterns in different countries
- Square base, a hemispherical dome on top, square , barrio chamber on top,
- Umbrella, symbol of loyalty and power
- Barrio, conmanmorative
- Cannot enter the stupa
Sanchi Stupa
- Part of Chakara is missing
- Elephant base
- Auspicious and protection, to interfere
- Female attendant, Yakshi, pre Buddha in context,
- Mangala= auspicious
- Big belly, wealthy man
-
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