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GGRA02H3 (122)

Global Supermarket

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michael Bunce

The Global SupermarketGlobal agribusiness and food systemsPreface Rise of the local food movement is a response to the growing dominance of the global food systemHow much and what items of food do you consume that come from the Toronto region or from OntarioTo what extent does your supermarket stock local produceThe reality is that our food system is a mix of local regional national and global productsIt is a good example of glocalizationthe coexistence of global and local systemsBut even the local system is controlled in part by global agribusiness which supplies inputs and controls distribution and marketingQuestionsWhere does our food come fromWho controls its production and distribution How do geographical concepts applyThe globalized supermarketFactors1 The Plantation Systemthe beginnings of a global agriculture system Created by the establishment of empires large scale production of commodities traded on a global scale cotton sugar rubber tea coffeeThis was a pure capitalist system involving the extraction of maximum surplus values from land and labour slavery free trade and markets private ownership of plantations largescale capital accumulation thth2 Social changes especially in the 19 and early 20 centuries population growth rapid growth in western European populations urbanizationmigration from rural areas and farms to cities by 1900 more people in western Europe lived in urban than rural areasby 1930 urban population in Canada outnumbered the rural separation of food producers from consumers meaning that a growing number of people had to buy their foodPopulation growth and urbanization needed agriculture to be moreproductive and changed food into a marketable commodity 3 Transportation and storage innovations invention of steam enginesteam ships and railways refrigeration canning freezing cold storage new methods of drying and storing grain
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