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Lecture 1

GGRA01 Lecture One Thinking Geographically.docx

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Michael Bunce

GGRA01 Lecture OneThinking Geographically September 20 2011 Globalization Global Process and Local effects Example Barbados tourism is main attractionEg KFC used through advertisingpart of globalization chain It imposes American fast food taste and local shops coexist with globalMain QuestionsWhat is globalization and what process does it involveWhat is significant about understanding global processesWhat is thinking geographicallyWhat does a geographical perspective have to offerGlobalization No single definition but some agreement that it involvesGlobal economic integration global capitalismorganization of elements of the global economy into a single system joining different economic activities in different places into larger systems Global economic and political interdependence and interconnectivity ie elements of the system are dependent on each other and involve high levels of interconnection on an increasingly global scale Global culture idea of global community common global values global villageExample globalization of TV programsThe term global village was coined by Marshall McCluhanIn his book The Gutenberg Galaxy 1962 he argued that print culture would be replaced by electronic interdependence with electronic media replacing visual culture with auraloral cultureThis would bring humankind together in a collective identity analogous to a village communityThink about the weaknesses in the notion of a global community In fact globalization does not involve the full integration of all regions and societies into a global system This is wellsummarized in a chapter entitled What Globalization is Not in John Grays book False Dawn The Delusions of Global Capitalism I have posted a PDF of these pages under the Readings But globalization is boundarybroadening and spaceshrinkingSignificance of global processes globalization Its really happening and wont go away affects us on counter basis It affects us all It generates big arguments about its impacts pro anti globalization
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