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GGRA03H3 (139)
Lecture 10

lecture 10

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Susannah Bunce

L10 - Environmental Justice in Cities * environmental justice - for people to be engaged in a clean physical immediate surroundings - inequitable environmental burden placed on social groups such as visible minorities, women, and low-income citizens * emerged showing an association between poor environmental areas and groups that are marginalized - argument that ethnicity and social class are factors where toxic sites (unwanted land use) are located in both cities and rural areas * thingsitems that affect the living standard, contribute negatively to environmental quality, low land values -- not very nice places to live - concern about achieving justice for people negatively affected by environmental problems due to their social status (ability to access clean living environment) - Race and ethnicity [and class] intertwine with issues of power and access to power to produce an uneven experience of environmental equality (Benton-Short and Rennie Short, 2008, 216) -- powerlessness produces an uneven development - spatialization of ethnicity and income: - poor and ethnic communities located in less desirable areas (new immigrants, low income) - affluent citizens have influential power (choices to choose from) * Malvern, J&F, Orton Park -- relation between poor income and poor environmental quality - concerns about need for environmental justice around race and class began in United states in 1980s social movement - Warren County land fill dispute: - 1982 when North Carolina selected rural township where 70% of residents were African-American to host a hazardous landfill at first was dumped illegally, then established site - 7ft above water table when supposed to be 50ft -- eventually closed after protests - power, governments can site unwanted landfills without the input of citizens - Commission for Racial Justice: - 1987, Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States -- correlated research of waste sites and low income residents - lack of ability to access land to good environments - low resistance to unwanted land use (politicalsocialeconomic capital) - coined the term environmental racism to refer to the intentional selection of racialized communities for location of waste disposal sites - economic challenges cannot afford best usequality of land - focuses on the social side of environmental problems, human rights in relation to the natural environment - rights to clean air infringed - public debate about Locally Unwanted Land Uses (LULUs) -- planning term, considered to have negative impacts on peoples health and property values [industries, airports, waste disposal sites, subways] - location of waste disposal sites constrained by NIMBY (not in my backyard) efforts to certain communities -- happens when neighbours start to talk to each other Case Examples:
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