Class Notes (809,629)
Canada (493,757)
Geography (708)
GGRA03H3 (139)
Lecture 10

lecture 10

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Susannah Bunce

L10 - Environmental Justice in Cities * environmental justice - for people to be engaged in a clean physical immediate surroundings - inequitable environmental burden placed on social groups such as visible minorities, women, and low-income citizens * emerged showing an association between poor environmental areas and groups that are marginalized - argument that ethnicity and social class are factors where toxic sites (unwanted land use) are located in both cities and rural areas * thingsitems that affect the living standard, contribute negatively to environmental quality, low land values -- not very nice places to live - concern about achieving justice for people negatively affected by environmental problems due to their social status (ability to access clean living environment) - Race and ethnicity [and class] intertwine with issues of power and access to power to produce an uneven experience of environmental equality (Benton-Short and Rennie Short, 2008, 216) -- powerlessness produces an uneven development - spatialization of ethnicity and income: - poor and ethnic communities located in less desirable areas (new immigrants, low income) - affluent citizens have influential power (choices to choose from) * Malvern, J&F, Orton Park -- relation between poor income and poor environmental quality - concerns about need for environmental justice around race and class began in United states in 1980s social movement - Warren County land fill dispute: - 1982 when North Carolina selected rural township where 70% of residents were African-American to host a hazardous landfill at first was dumped illegally, then established site - 7ft above water table when supposed to be 50ft -- eventually closed after protests - power, governments can site unwanted landfills without the input of citizens - Commission for Racial Justice: - 1987, Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States -- correlated research of waste sites and low income residents - lack of ability to access land to good environments - low resistance to unwanted land use (politicalsocialeconomic capital) - coined the term environmental racism to refer to the intentional selection of racialized communities for location of waste disposal sites - economic challenges cannot afford best usequality of land - focuses on the social side of environmental problems, human rights in relation to the natural environment - rights to clean air infringed - public debate about Locally Unwanted Land Uses (LULUs) -- planning term, considered to have negative impacts on peoples health and property values [industries, airports, waste disposal sites, subways] - location of waste disposal sites constrained by NIMBY (not in my backyard) efforts to certain communities -- happens when neighbours start to talk to each other Case Examples:
More Less

Related notes for GGRA03H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.