Class Notes (835,600)
Canada (509,275)
Geography (717)
GGRA03H3 (139)

Lecture 1

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Andre Sorensen

5 Main ThemesConceptual Frameworks of GGRA03 This lecture, apart from introducing the assignments, focused on 5 main conceptual frameworks that are introduced in the course: 1. Cities as the Human Environment The City Nature dualism is mistaken, and the term environment does not equal nature or wilderness. The environment and nature include cities and people. Modernist ideas that equated progress with technology and overcoming nature, by creating well-built urban systems have had powerful and lasting impacts on our society. Recently, ideas are changing. Now cities are increasingly seen as complex ecological systems, in which economic, social, natural, and political systems interact. Cities in this view are the most complex and lasting creations of human civilization - they are the fundamental human ecosystem. A major goal of this course is to learn to understand cities as human environments: What can we learn about our societies from changing urban ecosystems, environmental ideas, urban policies and urban patterns? How have ideas about good and bad (utopian and dystopian) urban environments changed over recent centuries? How have such ideas shaped policy and action and urban development? More on this in Lectures 2, 3 and 4 2. Why History is Important a. Understanding long-term patterns Urban systems are rapidly growing more complex, but most contemporary urban systems, structures, infrastructures, are built incrementally on prior systems. Urban change is gradual and incremental. To understand how things work, and how they change - or fail to change - it is important to understand the historical moments when major urban institutions and codes, policies, rules were developed.
More Less

Related notes for GGRA03H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.