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Lecture 5

GGRB05 Lecture 5 - Racialization, Urban Space and Homelessness

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Shaun Tanaka

GGRB05 Lecture 5: Racialization, Urban Space and Homelessness – by Jeff May (1 October 2013) ‘The spacialization of difference’ - The idea that people belong in certain places o Something you can feel - ‘sketchy’ places? o That person/space is different (don’t look like us, unfamiliar) - The special and material constitution (constitution=the make up) of race o Material things shape it - Race is about both discourse/representation/images AND bodies/material experiences o About a combination of all these things - The small-scale racialization of spaces and places is ‘microgeography’ Incomplete understandings - Race is phenotype/physical - Race JUST IS - We HAVE a race New, fuller understandings - Race is dynamic and emergent o Changing - Through a combination of representations AND material things - Social constructionism suggests race is a combination of physical differences (phenotype) and social imaginations (created through media and discourse) - There are new materialist ways of thinking about race o Engage with physical things – produce local understanding of race We need to combine social constructionist and materialist ideas of race: - To show how race is created - To see how race operates - To see how race is specialized - Racialization is the process by which people and places come to be associated with race o Racialization is uneven, so some people experience it and some do not, depending on where we are GGRB05 Lecture 5: Racialization, Urban Space and Homelessness – by Jeff May (1 October 2013) - In Toronto, non-white people (people of colour) are racialized and white people are not - Geography is very important to racialization! - Race is locally produced through discourse and geography - Racialization is a process that is not the same everywhere - Every place (country, city, room, etc.) has its own unique process of racialization o And this changes! Racialization and Whiteness - Irish at the turn of the 20 century o They were not considered as whites - Turkish as non-white in Toronto o The idea of whiteness differs in different places - Race is GEOGRAPHICALLY PRODUCED in process of racialization Racial Vibrations, Masculine Performances: Experiences of Homelessness Among Young Men of Colour in the Greater Toronto Area (May, 2013) Content on Homelessness - Visible and invisible homelessness o Visible: people who live their lives in public view without permanent housing o Invisible: people who are ‘precautiously housed’ but living in ways that people can’t see them - This distinction is important because what is visible is political ‘New Homelessness’ - More people are experiencing homeless
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