GGRB05 – Lecture 6: Urban Housing and Residential Location
August 20, 2011, 9-11am, SW128
Multiple Choice, Short Answer, Critical Analysis
- The built form matters, it affects what the city achieves
- Public/Private spaces, where are funds subsidized?
- Connections between transportation and urban form
- Effects of auto dependence and automobility
- Solutions for smart growth and the challenges to retrofitting suburbia
URBAN HOUSING and RESIDENTIAL LOCATION
Reading: Chapter 10 and 11
- How is housing produced?
- How do housing markets work?
- Why do they fail to supply housing for everyone?
- How do neighbourhoods change?
- How does government play a role in the housing markets?
- Housing takes up the most amount of raw space
- City centre is significantly smaller than the suburban
- Political economy is how the Government and Private interests work together to produce
society (the relationship)
- Housing tied directly to the economic success or failure of society
- Shelter is a basic human need
- Environment matters
- Physical, social, health, is connected to the lack of or poor housing options
- 1/3 of the population in MDRs face challenges in terms of housing (inadequate housing at
- Housing is like other commodities exchanged in the free market
- Supply and demand affects prices
- There are successes and failures - Government intervention is needed to help provide minimum standards of housing, and is seen
as a public responsibility
- Life cycle events
- Your type of housing matters depending on your life style
- Residential relocation is either forced (involuntary) or voluntary
- Forced: demolition, eviction, etc.
o Adjustment Housing, neighbourhood, accessibility
o Induced Employment, life cycle
- It’s a personal choice
- Developed, Undeveloped, urban, suburban, own, rent, etc.
- Most people move by choice
- Housing is a major land use and it directly impacts the built form
- As housing stock gets older, it has to get updated, renovated, etc.
- Most important reason for relocation is associated with characteristics of housing unit (space,
quality, design, shift from renting to owning, etc.)
- Large areas of North American housing are what we can consider “mature suburbs”
- Approaching 40 years old
- Lack of new investments lead to other issues
Major Theoretical Approaches
- 4 main analytical perspectives
- Neoclassical economics and demography
- Socio-political views
- Political economy
- These ongoing processes provide insight to different aspects of housing issues and its changing
Neoclassical Economics and Demography
- Economists analyze housing in terms of supply and demand, which focuses on consumer
- Sellers vs. Buyers - Focusing on “buyers” requires focus on demography
- In Canada, immigration plays a role on demography
- Housing is the most expensive investment in your life
- Housing is immobile and land is finite
- We can make more of any commodity except for land, there’s only so much of it available
- There are different stakeholders that come together to create this “housing market” and affect
supply and demand
Ex. mortgage, insurance, landlords, developers, government etc.
- The housing market is like a market, except that only “profitable” housing will be built
- Housing does not just make up the city, it generates wealth
- Actual capital is important, but with capitalism, inequalities will be produced
- Women have different roles, such as child bearing, long hours of unpaid labour, etc.
- Today they have just as much say as men do in choosing housing
- Early-20 century, men chose the housing
- 3 Main types of housing tenure:
1) Owner occupier
2) Private rental
3) Public (social) housing
- Majority of housing (owner occupied) in Canada is 63%, the US is 67%, and Britain is 68%
- Most people who own homes live in them
- Most are single-family detached or semi-detached houses, but the amount of condos are
- Government plays a role in helping the poor buy a home through housing financial support
Ex. Mortgage interest tax relief, lower property taxes, etc.
- In nearly all MDRs, there is a reduction in the number of private rentals units
- Rent control policies reduce profits of building rental housing
- Government subsidies favouring ownership
- Developers won’t just build any type of housing, they build what’s pro