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Lecture 6

GGRB13 Lecture 6 - Geographies of Fear.docx

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Shaun Tanaka

GGRB13 Lecture 6: Geographies of Fear (9 October 2013) Film Noir and the Noir City - Cinematic term – stylish Hollywood crime dramas - Early 1940s to late 1950s The ‘Noir City’ - Use of modern city as subject and setting - Film noire emphasized social and psychological consequences of urban modernity - Central business district – close to downtown – close to messiness Landmarks of the Noir City - Symbolized the brand of industrial urbanism that entered a period of decline at the outset of the post-war period - Grittiness, dirtiness - Coney Island – ‘questionable intent’ attachment – vagrant travelers Cities as the root of modern malaise - Backlash to urbanization/urban life - Movement of white flight - Home ownership o The American dream o Having land, owning space The Noir City and Privacy/Class - Stratification of class - Choices – where you want to live and the restrictions (like money to afford the place you live) you have The Great Migration - Large influx of Black Americans moving into cities - Intermingling of cities - Competition for space (not just for jobs) - Decreased sanitation - 1910 – 1930 - Individual/family choices – escape social inequality A Massive Population Shift - Gain employment and freedom - African American population grew by 40% from 1910-1930 Theories on the Great Migration GGRB13 Lecture 6: Geographies of Fear (9 October 2013) - Push Pull Economic Theory o Push – unequal distribution o Pull – available jobs and equal wages, owning property - Socio-emotional or Sentimental Theory o Quest for social justice and to live near friends/family White criminals/blackness – undesirable traits of the noir city - Equalated undesirable one and the same - Setting stage for white flight - Post WWII era Women in the ‘Noir City’ - Doubling of work force for women during war - But expected to go back to old ‘housewife’ life after - Thought to ‘replace’ men - Femme fatale Escaping the ‘Noir City’ - Post WWII, expansion of suburbs - Needing to escape noir city - Rapid urbanization fueled by – white flight, the building of 40000 miles of highway, changes within lending laws, increased car ownership - Accommodating upper class – possibility for home ownerships Suburbanization Defined - Opposite of cities Suburbs and Sprawl - Something that used to seem good (ex. Car ownership) is now seen differently White Flight th - Originated in mid-20 Century in USA The Suburbs: the anti-noir city - Privacy, individualization - Property rights – tight knit families - Traditional gender roles – men as breadwinners, women as housewives The Lakewood Plan GGRB13 Lecture 6: Geographies of Fear (9 October 2013) - Planned after
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