Class Notes (835,674)
Canada (509,326)
Geography (717)
GGRB13H3 (42)
Lecture 9

GGRB13 - Lecture 9 - Guest Lecture

7 Pages
69 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Geography
Course
GGRB13H3
Professor
Minelle Mahtani
Semester
Winter

Description
GGRB13 – Lecture 9 – March 19, 2012 GUEST LECTURE: Tamir Arviv Social Geography’s Engagement with Globalization, Transnationalism, and Sense of Place Globalization - A charged and contested concept, or a “buzzword” - It is a process - Technology allowing people to be connected quicker, and the mixing of cultures and traditions - Includes all aspects of life What kind of social processes constitute the essence of globalization? - What is considered the centre or this process? - Economics, politics, culture, environment, religion, ideology? Time-Space compression - Globalization compresses the time and space aspects of social relations - Technological advances such as transportation, internet, etc. has increased the speed of flows of information, and the world has increasingly become a “global village” Upscaling – the emergence of super-national and transnational organizations Ex. European Union - The nation state loses to these trends Downscaling Global Cities - They influence the world Ex. If NYSE falls, then the whole world collapses as well - The ability to host sporting events, such as Olympics - Cities compete to host sporting events because it puts them on the map - Advanced infrastructures - Advanced communications (good for business) - Interconnectedness with other cities - NYC, London, Paris, and Tokyo on top in almost all categories and rankings Ex. Research and development, cultural interaction, livability, accessibility, economy, etc. th - Toronto is ranked 25 (good for Research and Development) The Dark Side - Social polarization in Global Cities - Decline of employment - High pay in management-type jobs, but very low pay in unskilled jobs, basically there are many high-end and low-end jobs, but decline in manufacturing jobs - Uneven urban development Ex. Urban growth in 5 areas of Canada - Other areas suffering from urban decay - Immigrants preferring to settle in urban areas in search of jobs - Governments try to attract investors into the cities, they put more funding into the main cities - Detroit used to be the centre for automobile industry, today it is decaying Transnationality - Connected to globalization - Refers to migrant relations that is emerging “Trans migrants communities” - Communities who develop and maintain economic, social, organizational, religious, and political relations across national borders - When we talk about borders, it is usually between their country of origin and their country of settlement - When people move to other places, they never stop revisiting their homelands, calling their family back home, etc. - Assimilation vs. transnational connections - Immigrants who settle in a new country have difficulty in assimilation, but the second and third generation may assimilate completely - People can live in another country and not assimilate, have a deep connection with home country - Transnational processes from above – are all the transnational activities initiated by organizations from above, such as the government - Transnational processes from below – are all the transnational activities initiated by those from below, such as the migrants Types of Transnational Activities - Economic - Migrants may contribute economically, find employment - Political - Migrants may be involved with electoral processes - Social-cultural Ex. Watching a television show, maintaining national holidays, etc. Flexible/Global Citizenship - What does it mean to be a citizen today? - You live in a nation state, you vote, you are given rights to be a citizen - Flexible refers to countries that give citizens the right to have more than one citizenship - Migrants may use dual citizenships to gain resources from other countries - Based on the idea that globalization has made people choose their citizenship based on certain preferences, such as economic, political, etc. - Global citizenship, a notion that is emerging - The nation not used as identification Ex. “Canadian” - Some people may identify themselves as a religion, such as “Jewish” The Role of the Nation-state - Some countries have borders, so it controls who goes in and out (national or state borders) - National loyalty - Reach-out projects - Dual-citizenship - Some countries do not allow it - Immigration policies - Usually working-class/unskilled immigrants have a hard time getting in because Canada wants skilled employees - Some nation states want skilled immigrants - Women? Usually males are wanted while females are discriminated - Same sex partners? Trans migrants’ ethno-cultural identities - Essential - Fixed - Spatially bounded - Culturally homogenous - Their identities are fluid and dynamic, always changing - Situational - Reactive - Socially constructed Belonging and a Sense of Place in the Era of Globalization and Transnationality? - How global economic and cultural flows affect the manner in which people experience a sense of belonging to place? - Ideas of place have changed since the 1990s - Can a person see herself/himself as belonging to a certain place in a world where global webs of telecommunication challenge the existence of spatial borders? - Do global flows of millions of migrants from place to place challenge the old, supposedly homogeneous, identities of places? THE READINGS Doreen Massey – The power geometry of time-space compression - What is it? Power geometry is the social differentiation - There are differences in the degree of movement and communication, and also in the degree of control and of initiation - Some have more control than others, they are “in charge”,
More Less

Related notes for GGRB13H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit