Class Notes (807,187)
Canada (492,652)
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GGRB13H3 (42)
Lecture 8

GGRB13 Lecture 8.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Lindsay Stephens

GGRB13 Lecture 8: Working, Class and Changing Economic Spaces - Social reproduction refers to all work necessary to create workforce that will engage in particular kinds of work - Individual homes vs. shared workforce shapes daily living - Social/spatial category: class - Work/ leisure is important feature that we organize places we work in and where we rest, take part in activities etc. - Labour geography: look at geography of workers’ life, how lives are described by migration to countries, how these influences need to work and engage in production/social reproduction o Geography of company: where located and why o Where people have to relocate to work, interaction with regulations - Different scales at which these happen - National: many layers of regulations - Cultural meaning of different places, what expectation are on breaks, around talking during work, around race, gender, affect experience of workers - Often the assumption that companies are international and workers are local, quite a lot of mobility of companies, seeking different environments - Professor thinks we miss the migrant labour market, the fact that people move often for work - Canada has a lot of international migrants to make up local labour shortfall in works that Canadians may not be willing to do(i.e. high demand, low pay) - Social class: identity lens of work geography, lens into spatial/social segregation in income - Class is very helpful in understanding how society is organized and segregated, at different times and places - Strata of society based on income- social class - Class is way of segregating people based on income, how you make money, whether it’s old or new money, professional qualified trader, many variables attributed to how people have been divided into class in past - Class can include beyond income, ie other identity can intersect with these assumption patterns(how you present your wealth, whether you demonstrate to others you are rich i.e. fancy car), type of job you have - Classis seen as fixed category, personal attributes which you can measure(one point of view) - Other point of view sees class as process of ongoing interaction, not static although it has a material reality to it, there is more fluidity, negotiated, you can only measure snapshot at a particular time, can look at process by which class is determined - Class: social attributes, social/cultural capital, deeply tied to racial/gendered value - Hegemony(which kind of value are associated with being high class), as high class certain education gives you entrance to certain social values(ie you learn which wine is good etc.) - Labour market guides the way people are shaped, heavily regulated/socially determined sets of rules(regulation labour market is creating boundaries and creating landscapes guides why companies move to different locations, why people migrate, the value of product is connected how much it caused the labour to make a product and how much it cost companies o How much to pay worker is negotiable o Companies decrease pay to increase profit, the
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