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Geography (717)
GGRB28H3 (121)
Lecture

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Department
Geography
Course
GGRB28H3
Professor
Michelle Majeed
Semester
Winter

Description
 Indigenous Peoples  - groups of people who have a history in a particular area prior to colonization and that have continued to be a group with a specific culture, traditions. since colonization  - it’s a group created before the colonial powers took over  - it could be an area,  - UN has a declaration on First nations people – they are more susceptible to poor health,  - They have the right to protect their language , their culture, their way of life and their natural resources.  Canada: Aboriginal, First Nations , Inuit , Metis  US: Native Americans, Pacific Islanders (Hawai)  Australia : Aborgines  Mexico and Central American: Mayans  South America: Amerindians Global Populations 300-350 million indigenous people worldwide 6 % worlds population 5000 distinct groups in 72 groups Canada 1.17 million – 2006 US: 4.5 million – 2010 In Africa: the indigenous groups Maintain a nomadic way of life 1996-2006: 45 % population growth Canadian pop non aboriginal grew by 6 % The aboriginal population in Canada is very young Global Issues  recognition of the existence and rights of these groups  japan 2008 – recognized until then   recognition of past injustices  in 2008 stephen harper – apologized for the policy of residential schools – the harm it caused   preservation of languages and cultures small populations in society 6% of pop in Canada   land rights and rights to natural resources – autonomy  inuit and Nunavut receive some autonomy now  mayan often fighting for land – devastation of their land poverty   discrimination  because of the marginalized status  they don’t have access to all rights and freedoms  affect how they access services DIVERSITY - different realities among groups  some groups are more susccessful in advocating for themselves and others don’t because of their different histories  people living in war zones , termal countries. Hard to get resources - different environments - different world views - different religions - different incorporations of culture  some will immerse different in the culture  sme may recognize they are indigenous , but not participate in the cultural events ISSUES AFFECTING HEALTH - water quality  not having access to clean water  reserves in southern Ontario - contamination  of the groung - housing /homelessness - isolation - unemployment  as a result of lack of educations  racism  isolation - racism - poverty Institutional Practices policies, that restrict certain populations Treats Farmer will call it constitutional violence Idea in terms of immigration – Canadian experience What that does – discriminates against those who work outside the country There is a policy that doesn’t allow them to hire immigrants - idea that some populations don’t have fixed addresses or documents like SIN, then you cant open a bank accnt or things like that - so it affect them Interpersonal Between people – Someone in the bus, or someone acting as a part of an institution. The person at the desk is discriminatory, representing bureaucracy Parking racism – obvious racism in court Internalized Self shaming You fit into the stereotypes yourself You may not be having any experiences out there, but you believe on the stereotypes out there Findings: 93 % of group interviewed said they dealt with racism 2/3 felt that racism affected their health is not just racism affecting health , but also the response of the people the affect of the response was based on the individual the reaction is usually to fight or argue about it. Not being able to do it and not being able to express it and you deny yourself the personal desire of what you want to do = stress = affects health WILSON AND YOUNG  Review of the academic literature on Aboriginal health  They are trying to figure out the representation of aboriginal health  Underrepresentation of Metis and urban aboriginals There is the correct representation for first nations And there is over representation of the inuit  Because of the realities that people are living  There is a centralized issue about inuit health First nation have data sets, you go to a reserve and the captured population  To identify Metis is much harder – geographically diverse No data sets for that  Very little research on traditional approaches to health  Conventional western approaches to medicine ignoring that many people in their aboriginal culture use their healing / traditional medicine  When do they u
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