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GGRB28 – Lecture5.docx

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Suzanne Sicchia

GGRB28 – Lecture 5- Oct 18  We’re dealing with diseases we’ve never dealt with before – we have new emerging diseases  West Nile (1996)  Ebola (Zaire, 1976)  Lyme Disease (US in 1970s)  HIV (US early 1980s)  Drug Resistant Bacteria (eg. TB) McMichael  We affect the diseases that affects us  Introducing new diseases to different populations  Colonial period: European power and colonizing the rest of the world  Edge settlements: people moving into unclaimed areas -> mining operations, forest areas  coming into contact with illnesses you’ve never been in contact with  he’s telling us to recognize our role in the creation of the diseases that affect us  Ecological disruptions : over 4 time periods  The relationship between social and environmental factors COHEN We found vaccines, so people were living longer in much of the western world We thought we were going to cure the common cold Demographics and behavior: changes in lifestyle, changing in demographic  people are not dying young  but the people who are older have compromising immune systems  we do have an outbreak, and the older population will be the one’s who will be most affected  Breaking down of taboos for premarital sex > changes in our society also last disease to flourish -> use of intravenous drugs can also lead to increased spread of diseases Technology and industry: technology have now led to other issues (e.g. invention of refrigerator -> reduced the amount of food borne disease, greatly, so food safety improved MIDBET  Demographics and Behaviour  Technology and industry  Environmental change and use  International travel /commerce  Microbial adaptation/change  breakdown of public heath measures We’re moving into jungles Creating settlements into the edges of the areas We’re seeing environmental change through development of megacities -> Climate change is also affecting the environment -> warming the environment Malaria -> Breakdown of public health: NYC had an outbreak of TB, and it cost them a lot of money FARMER When we call TB a newly emerging disease is a concern for him, because TB is not new (we used to call it consumption) It didn’t disappear from the developing world  millions have been dying from it and suffering all this time Epistemology: ways of knowing -> so we should be more critical about the terms and language we use, and the assumptions we put out there -> the way we understand the spread of disease (ex. Mal
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