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Lecture 7

GGRB28 – Lecture 7.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GGRB28H3
Professor
Suzanne Sicchia
Semester
Fall

Description
GGRB28 – Lecture 7- Nov 1, 2012  American, Feminization of the Urban, Ruralization (3 phases of geography of blame)  What was the main reason for the decline in AIDS deaths after 1995?  new drug therapies that were actually working  the affordability and accessibility of these treatments -> more people could afford these, hence saving more lives  We knew what we were looking for then, HIV/AIDS could be diagnosed earlier  What are the main reasons that Aboriginal people have more AIDS cases that non-Aboriginal people?  overall higher rates of poverty . Those who live on reserves, they have less access to healthcare (sporadic, bad quality, etc.) higher rates of drug and alcohol use in this community  Residential school programs  Hence, leading to a population that’s more at risk  Someone of Aboriginal decent living with non-Aboriginals is twice likely to live in poverty  Farmer would not consider a TB a new disease -> it’s reemerging or changing  Swine flu was an alteration to Spanish flu  Ebola is not a new disease, but we’re seeing it more now, and more people understand it  Orange bubble (Farmer’s geography of blame): often times the victims are blamed; using stereotypes of populations to support theories of spread and expansion  When is a disease considered a pandemic? It’s an epidemic that spreads to a larger population Sample Question:  List and explain that five ways living in a refugee camp can impact one’s health IN THE NEWS….  Social determinants of health  Inclusion, diabetes  Most toxic neighbourhoods were thisletown IN THEW NEWS..  New UN atlas links climate change, health  Rates of meningitis go up in dry seasons and after dust storms, and dengue fever goes up after heavy rainfalls DISCUSSION  Language barriers  takes time to make OHIP card  Knowledge of a new disease  Change in lifestyle -> healthy diet back home but when they come here, it’s a much unhealthier one  Getting used to weather changes  Demographics: some people are able to adapt to new environments (young people) whereas it’s harder for older aged people; social inclusion and exclusion TYPES OF MIGRATION  Historical/Current  slave trade  Current movements of Iraq  Jewish diaspora  Voluntary/Forced  Voluntary are those who apply to emigrate to get a better job and lifestyle  Students who come to school  Forced migration: forced removal from your country/home through disease, famine, natural disaster  Permanent/Temporary  People will come and work for five years and then go back to their home  Temporary workers, farmers, allowed to Canada for a particularly time period then they go home  Distance of Travel (regional/international)  International: geographies of blame  movements that are regional: England south more wealthy than North  There are multitudes of reasons why they move DEFINITION OF MIGRATION  The movement of people from one place to another  This can be temporary, for work, for leisure, retirement DEFINITION OF IMMIGRATION  Permanent change of residence of either an individuals or a group of individuals  Assumed that immigrants would adopt and assimilate to their new country  Melting Pot versus Multiculturalism  The advent of globalization  Communication wasn’t easy back in the day; no real connection to their homeland  Even today, immigration is seen as permanent movement REFUGEE  As defined in the UN’s 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees a refugee is: A person who has left his or her country and cannot return because of a well- founded fear of being persecuted due to race, religion, nationality, political opinion or of a particular social group  in Canada, we don’t use the term a “asylum seeker”  You’re not a refugee unless Canada says you’re a refugee  Asylum seekers are often seen as criminal populations, lazy, not wanting to work, trying to feed off the system  In England, if you’re an asylum seeker, you’re forced to live in certain buildings, living off welfare, until your case is brought up, detention centers  Particular social groups: ethnic groups, gay and lesbian populations  Refugee is someone who has left their country; have to have crossed their national border Major Refugee-hosting countries  Most refugees are regional  Canada or US take a small amount of refugees  Refugee caps: unstable living conditions; different from what a refugee would be giving in Canada Definition of Internally Displace People  People who are involuntary forced to leave their homes but who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border  Sometimes it’s the state that’s forcing these people out of their homes, yet the state is still in control of them  These people are much more precarious sometimes  Internally displace people due to famine  Egypt -> the Dam flooded  China -> displace populations due to development projects  27.5 million people internally displaced around the world GRAPH  the increase of IDPs are overtaking  Asylum seekers are the ones that go outside Definitions of Diaspora  The idea of dispersal following a traumatic event in the homeland, to two or more foreign destinations (Cohen 1997)  In a global age where space itself has become re-inscribed by cyberspace, a diaspora can to some degree be cemented or recreated through the mind, through artifacts and popular culture, and through a shared imagination (Cohen 2007:8)  Africa slave trade -> forced to work away from homelands  A group that’s not living in their homeland that has real or imagined ties to their homeland  Irish, Scottish, Iranian diaspora  Canadian, Caribbean, etc.  Definition is all encompassing  Imaged homeland: for some, they don’t really have a homeland (ex. Kurd’s diaspora; they don’t really have a homeland) DEFINITION OF TRANSNATIONALISM  Transnationalism can be defined as ‘the process by which immigrants forge and sustain multi-stranded social relation that link together their societies or original and settlement”  Immigrants, can still be very active in the country that they’ve left  Ex. Guyana: Movement of health and products in these communities; facebook, skype, etc.  Political activities: if you left
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