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Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx: Excellent notes on Geographies of infectious diseases

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michelle Majeed

globalization leads to emergent of diseases newly emerging of diseases use blood test to det.early stages in pts. treated sooner by doing blood tests technology preventative and early detection - non invasive test to women smart bomb - deliver toxic to tumor cells that leaves health cells - more specific surgical intensive approach to tumors that leaves healthy cells increase in technology not affect entire sys. tech.rel interventions must be in social economic line ban additive on bath salts - manage control it. - not in legal or criminal code - available online to buy and mix it. public attention in policy - dynamic - moving and technology increases - how they manufacture and make policies sedentary lifestyle - 6.8 billion dollars a yr - employment and health care 1995 - outbreak contagion planet of apes 1995 - outbreak -hemorrhagic fever minamata disease - fish - sushi Motaba Contagion - meningoencephalitis virus contagion fomites r not - reproductive rates of virus - incubation period - how big pop. susceptible swine flu - Planet of apes – disconnect bet. rich and poor gap is bigger education new interaction with env. leads to more susceptible to illness absolute poverty - poor sanitation inc.illness more people -iller then sicker weakening as results of terms of market - social reform for people less funding in institutes health institutes weaken - situation deadly less people vaccinated - responsetime is slower or no resources to response new disease coming out lyme disease - e.g. - force fire fighter - human beings to nature - more expose HIV - humans and env. relationship way we change env. affect diseases we have interplay bet. env. and social factors that affect diseases that we have in current time period 4 stages - less nomadic and closer proximity with animals animals to humans diseases bec. of new connectedness no sanitation in pt. cholera - typhid waterborne illnesses - malaria - 1-3000 yrs ago - continental - asian empires - roman greek - fought wars - pop.self contained movement of disease through war and greated connectedness and trade moving people, products, animals over time and space - e.g. Black Death 500 years - intercontinental - colonialism - expansion of europe to other parts of world - taking illness to pop. not expose to it in global scale. Present - increase travel - more people moving faster to places - expose to illnesses approaching in nature - deforestation brings to contact w/ bacteria AIDS, West Nile, TB, drug resistant Climate Change – control in humans - result of our actions that brings about disease Ecological disruption - changing cycles - interaction of env., civilizzatiion movement - altering biodiversity - altering species lost of habitat - social and env. balance - this changes not affecting everyone the same disproportional effect of this changes we have direct effects cohen - changing factors that affect infectious disease 50 yrs ago -- optimism to solve all problems - bec. 1900 - U.S> TB Pneumonia and diarrheal disease 1997 - Heart disease - Heart and stroke antibiotics - immunization - 13 million deaths worldwide diarrheal disease or tb still killing disease why infection still inc. again Demog. and behavior - bec. peple
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